Skip to main content

62% of income of national parties came from donations, identity remains anonymous

Between FY 2019-20 and 2020-21, the income of BJP decreased by 79.24% (Rs 2870.943 cr) from Rs 3623.28 cr in FY 2019-20 to Rs 752.337 cr in FY 2020-21; income of INC decreased by 58.11% (Rs 396.445 cr) from Rs 682.21 cr in FY 2019-20 to Rs 285.765 cr in FY 2020-2, says the National Election Watch, Association for Democratic Reforms, analysis of income and expenditure of national political Parties for FY 2020-21:

Political parties have multiple sources of funding and thus accountability and transparency should be an important aspect of their functioning. It is essential to have comprehensive and transparent accounting methods and systems which should reveal the true financial position of the parties.
The Election Commission of India (ECI), in its letter dated 19th November,’14 addressed to the Presidents/General Secretaries of all political parties, stated that it was mandatory for the parties to submit details of their audited reports to the Commission. This report analyses the total income and expenditure incurred, all over India, by the all-National Parties during FY 2020-21, as declared by the parties in their IT Returns submitted to the ECI.
The National Parties include Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Indian National Congress (INC), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM), All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) and National People’s Party (NPEP).

Status of submission of audited reports by the National Parties, FY 2020-21

The due date for submission of annual audited accounts for the parties was 31st October, 21.
All National Parties (BSP, AITC, CPM, NPEP, NCP, INC, CPI and BJP) submitted their audit reports after a delay ranging from 59 days to 201 days.

Total Income and Expenditure of National Political Parties for FY 2020-21

BJP declared a total income of Rs 752.337 cr during FY 2020-21, but spent only 82.46% (Rs 620.398 cr) of the total income. INC’s total income was Rs 285.765 cr while the party spent Rs 209 cr, thus, party’s expenditure for that year is 73.14% of its total income.
AITC’s total income was Rs 74.417 cr while the party spent Rs 132.537 cr, which exceeds its income for that year by 78.10%.

Total Income of National Parties for FY 2020-21

8 National Parties (BJP, INC, CPM, NCP, BSP, AITC, CPI and NPEP) have declared a total income of Rs 1373.783 cr, collected from all over India.
BJP has shown the highest income amongst the National Parties, an income of Rs 752.337 cr during FY 2020-21. This forms 54.764% of the total income of 8 National Parties during FY 2020-21.
INC declared the second highest income of Rs 285.765 cr which forms 20.801% of the total income of the 8 National Parties.

Comparison of total income of National Political Parties between FY 2019-20 & FY 2020-21

Between FY 2019-20 and 2020-21, the income of BJP decreased by 79.24% (Rs 2870.943 cr) from Rs 3623.28 cr during FY 2019-20 to Rs 752.337 cr during FY 2020-21.
Income of INC decreased by 58.11% (Rs 396.445 cr) from Rs 682.21 cr during FY 2019-20 to Rs 285.765 cr during FY 2020.21.
Between FY 2019-20 and 2020-21, the income of AITC, NCP, BSP, CPI and NPEP decreased by 48.20% (Rs 69.259 cr), 59.19% (Rs 50.659 cr), 9.94% (Rs 5.789 cr), and 67.65% (Rs 4.452 cr) and 62.91% (Rs 1.184 cr), respectively.

Top 3 sources of income of National Parties for FY 2020-21

National Parties have declared donations/contributions as one of their 3 main sources of income.
National Parties that received highest income from donations/contributions include BJP – Rs 577.974 cr, include INC – Rs 95.424 cr, CPM – Rs 95.294 cr, AITC – Rs 42.214 cr, NCP – Rs 26.261 cr and NPEP – Rs 67.17 lakhs.
Collection by Issuing Coupons of Rs 156.907 cr declared by INC form 54.91% of its total income during FY 2020-21.

Top 3 items of expenditure of National Parties for FY 2020-21

The maximum expenditure for BJP has been towards Election/General Propaganda which amounted to Rs 421.014 cr followed by expenses towards Administrative Costs, Rs 145.688 cr.
The maximum expenditure for INC has been towards Election Expenditure which amounted to Rs 91.358 cr followed by expenses towards Administration and General Expenses, Rs 88.439 cr.
AITC spent the maximum of Rs 90.419 cr on Election Expenditure followed by expenditure of Rs 3.96 cr on Administrative and General Expenses.

All sources of income declared by National Parties, FY 2020-21

3 National parties namely BJP, INC and AITC collected 5.42% (Rs 74.46 cr) of their total income from donations through Electoral Bonds for FY 2020-21.
AITC received donations through Electoral Bonds worth Rs 42.00 cr, BJP received Rs 22.385 cr and INC received Rs 10.075 cr.
During FY 2020-21, 6 National Parties, declared receiving an income from Donations/Contributions, a total of Rs 763.379 cr.

Observations of ADR

BSP, AITC, CPM, NPEP, NCP, INC, CPI and BJP parties submitted their audit reports after a delay of 59 days to 201 days.
The most common and popular items of expenditure for National parties for FY 2020-21 are election expenses and administrative/general expenses.
As per the data shared by SBI in response to ADR’s RTI application, Electoral Bonds worth Rs 1019.73 cr were redeemed by parties in FY 2020-21.
In FY 2020-21, there are 8 National and 31 Regional parties whose audit reports are available on the ECI website. Only 8 parties (3 National and 5 Regional) have declared donation through Electoral Bonds Rs 325.06 cr. (BJP- Rs 22.385 cr, AITC- Rs 42.00 cr and INC- Rs 10.075 cr, YSR-Congress- Rs 96.25 cr, DMK- Rs 80.00 cr, BJD- Rs 67.00 cr, AAP- Rs 5.95 cr and JDU- Rs 1.40 cr).
Given the anonymity provided to donors by the scheme, it is seen that Electoral Bonds have emerged as the most popular mode of donations to National Political parties for FY 2019-20 as well. More than 62% of the total income of seven National Parties came from Donations through Electoral Bonds (Rs 2993.826 cr), wherein identity of the donor is not disclosed to the public. Of the Regional parties that have submitted their audit reports, 14 Regional Parties (TRS, TDP, YSR-C, BJD, DMK, SHS, AAP, JDU, SP, JDS, SAD, AIADMK, RJD & JMM) have declared receiving donations through Electoral Bonds worth Rs 447.498 cr.
During FY 2020-21, out of the 8 National parties, only 3 Parties (INC-Rs 156.9075 cr, NCP- Rs 8.20 cr and CPM- Rs 4.408 cr) declared receiving a total income of Rs 169.515 cr from Sale of Coupons.

Comments

TRENDING

देशव्यापी ग्रामीण भारत बंध में उतरे मध्य प्रदेश के आदिवासी, किया केंद्र सरकार का विरोध

- हरसिंग जमरे, भिखला सोलंकी, रतन अलावे*  15 और 16 फरवरी को निमाड के बड़वानी, खरगोन और बुरहानपुर में जागृत आदिवासी दलित संगठन के नेतृत्व में आदिवासी महिला-पुरुषों ग्रामीण भारत बंद में रैली एवं विरोध प्रदर्शन किया । प्रधान मंत्री द्वारा 2014 में फसलों की लागत का डेढ़ गुना भाव देने का वादा किया गया था, 2016 में किसानों की आय दुगना करने का वादा किया गया था । आज, फसलों का दाम नहीं बढ़ रहा है, लेकिन खेती में खर्च बढ़ता जा रहा है! खाद, बीज और दवाइयों का दाम, तीन-चार गुना बढ़ चुका है! किसानों को लागत का डेढ़ गुना भाव देने के बजाए, खेती को कंपनियों के हवाले करने के लिए 3 काले कृषि कानून लाए गए । 3 काले कानून वापस लेते समय प्रधान मंत्री ने फिर वादा किया था कि फसलों की लागत का डेढ़ गुना भाव की कानूनी गारंटी के लिए कानून बनाएँगे, लेकिन वो भी झूठ निकला! आज जब देश के किसान दिल्ली में आपको अपना वादा याद दिलाने आए है, तब आप उनका रास्ता रोक रहें है, उनके साथ मारपीट कर उन पर आँसू गैस फेंक रहें हैं, उन पर छर्रों से फायरिंग कर रहें है! देश को खिलाने वाला किसान खुद भूखा रहे, क्या यही विकास है?

Only 15% businesses provide employees real-time sustainability dashboards: Study

Kyndryl in collaboration with Microsoft has released the findings of The Global Sustainability Barometer study. The study, conducted by Ecosystm, finds that while 85% of organizations place a high strategic level of importance on achieving their sustainability goals, only 16% have integrated sustainability into their strategies and data. A Kyndryl note: *** Kyndryl (NYSE: KD), the world’s largest IT infrastructure services provider, in collaboration with Microsoft , today released the findings of The Global Sustainability Barometer study. The study, conducted by Ecosystm , finds that while 85% of organizations place a high strategic level of importance on achieving their sustainability goals, only 16% have integrated sustainability into their strategies and data.

Tamil Nadu brahmins are at cross roads, their future scenario remains uncertain

By NS Venkataraman*  For over 70 years now, brahmin community in Tamil Nadu have been abused, insulted and even physically attacked on some occasions by those who claimed that they were part of the so called dravidian movement. However, brahmin community silently and helplessly ducked under pressure and showed no signs of resistance or fight back.

How the slogan Jai Bhim gained momentum as movement of popularity and revolution

By Dr Kapilendra Das*  India is an incomprehensible plural country loaded with diversities of religions, castes, cultures, languages, dialects, tribes, societies, costumes, etc. The Indians have good manners/etiquette (decent social conduct, gesture, courtesy, politeness) that build healthy relationships and take them ahead to life. In many parts of India, in many situations, and on formal occasions, it is common for people of India to express and exchange respect, greetings, and salutation for which we people usually use words and phrases like- Namaskar, Namaste, Pranam, Ram Ram, Jai Ram ji, Jai Sriram, Good morning, shubha sakal, Radhe Radhe, Jai Bajarangabali, Jai Gopal, Jai Jai, Supravat, Good night, Shuvaratri, Jai Bhole, Salaam walekam, Walekam salaam, Radhaswami, Namo Buddhaya, Jai Bhim, Hello, and so on.

नफरती बातें: मुसलमानों में असुरक्षा का भाव बढ़ रहा है, वे अपने मोहल्लों में सिमट रहे हैं

- राम पुनियानी*  भारत पर पिछले 10 सालों से हिन्दू राष्ट्रवादी भारतीय जनता पार्टी (भाजपा) राज कर रही है. भाजपा आरएसएस परिवार की सदस्य है और आरएसएस का लक्ष्य है हिन्दू राष्ट्र का निर्माण. आरएसएस से जुड़ी सैंकड़ों संस्थाएँ हैं. उसके लाखों, बल्कि शायद, करोड़ों स्वयंसेवक हैं. इसके अलावा कई हजार वरिष्ठ कार्यकर्ता हैं जिन्हें प्रचारक कहा जाता है. भाजपा के सत्ता में आने के बाद से आरएसएस दुगनी गति से हिन्दू राष्ट्र के निर्माण के अपने एजेण्डे को पूरा करने में जुट गया है. यदि भाजपा को चुनावों में लगातार सफलता हासिल हो रही है तो उसका कारण है देश में साम्प्रदायिकता और साम्प्रदायिक मुद्दों का बढ़ता बोलबाला. इनमें से कुछ हैं राम मंदिर, गौमांस और गोवध एवं लव जिहाद. 

Birth of New Communist Party ushers in new epoch in Canada's Left history

By Harsh Thakor  On January 31, 2024, history was made with the formation of the (New) Communist Party of Canada (the (N)CPC), the successful completion of its Founding Congress, and the public release of its Political Program. A most sporadic development in turning course of Communist movement locally, and worldwide. It also pits a challenge to dogmatism or mechanical approach and stagnation. taps the revolutionary creativity of the masses and is major re-orientation towards shaping revolutionary class struggles and  the massline.

Ethiopian ruling classes, political masters in West have their hands soaked in blood

By Harsh Thakor  Over two hundred were killed in recent weeks in Ethiopia’s Oromia and Amhara region. After peace-talks between the Oromo Liberation Army and the Ethiopian government did not materialise tensions are escalating in the Oromia region. Earlier, on November 22, least 25 civilians were massacred in a government aerial drone strike, in Chawaka districts of the Buno Bedelle zone. This incident took place only two days after a fierce battle arose between the OLA and governmental troops in the Sulula Fincha district of the Horro Guduru Wollega zone.

Landslide early warning system: Odisha Govt, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham collaborate

By Divya Saini  In a strategic move to mitigate the impact of landslides during storms, the Odisha government in collaboration with Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham is gearing up to establish a user-friendly Landslide Early Warning System (EWS) in Gajapati district. This initiative aims to provide advanced information, especially regarding landslides caused by disturbances in the natural stability of a slope.

A third view of Islamic paradox: Can Muslim unity defeat Zionist evil regime’s injustice?

By Chandra Vikash*  Could India, as a mirror to the ethno-federal One State solution, play a key role in resolving the Palestinian genocide crisis, that has emerged in the global consciousness as a focal point for injustice of centuries-old settler-colonialism project that continues to spread its hydra-headed tentacles through globalisation of this Old World Order?

Accused of human rights abuse, Indonesia’s Defense Minister poised for presidency

By Pranjal Pandey  Prabowo Subianto, Indonesia’s defense minister and a former army general, is poised to become the next president of the country. Although the official results are due next month, preliminary figures indicate that Prabowo will secure close to 60 percent of the vote.