सीधे मुख्य सामग्री पर जाएं

Erstwhile enclave dwellers in border area denied land rights in Cooch Behar district

Sujoy Singh Roy, Assistant Secretary, Banglar Manabadhikar Suraksha Mancha (MASUM), writes to the Chairman, National Human Rights Commission:

This is to bring your attention to the land registration problem in Nalgram erstwhile enclave under Mathabhanga Sub-Division, Sitalkuchi Block and Sitalkuchi Police Station in the district of Cooch Behar.
Since the exchange of erstwhile enclaves among India and Bangladesh vide the Land Boundary Agreement, 2015, the erstwhile enclave dwellers of Cooch Behar have been neglected and promises made to them during the agreement by the Indian government have been outwardly denied. The erstwhile enclave dwellers were not granted citizenship yet even after eight years of the Land Boundary Agreement, 2015. Most of them were not provided their land titles by the government. Even when some were given land documents, almost all of those are faulty documents. The development initiatives taken by the government in the erstwhile enclaves, right after the Land Boundary Agreement, 2015, soon came to a halt. The promises made to the erstwhile enclave dwellers, while undertaking the development initiatives were also not kept by the Indian government.
After the Land Boundary Agreement, 2015 in the year 2016 the district administration surveyed the land of erstwhile enclave dwellers. During that time the government officials recorded the land in faulty manner and as a result one’s land was recorded in another’s name; some lands were not recorded or even some lands records are erroneous.
Mr. Ajijar Miah, is an aged erstwhile Bangladeshi enclave dweller who is residing in the Nalgram Khanda (Fragment) erstwhile enclave. For more than 25 years he possessed a total 3.25 decimal of land among which 1.32 decimal are vastu and 1.93 decimal are agricultural land. In 2017 when Block Land and Land Revenue Officer, Sitalkuchi Block came to the spot and surveyed the land, somehow they made a mistake to record the land which was owned and possessed by Mr. Ajijar Miah.
After that on 30th October 2018, the Chief Minister of West Bengal announced that her government will distribute lands to the actual owners at erstwhile enclave and on 15th November 2018; Government of West Bengal introduced a bill in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly to execute the decision. Subsequently, the West Bengal Government passed West Bengal Land Reforms (Amendment) Bill, 2018 by inserting sub section (3B) in section 2 of West Bengal Land Reforms Act, where the State Government expressed to deliver land rights to the actual owner of the lands as the legal name ‘Raiyat’. Finally, notification was issued on 2nd January 2019 that from 3rd January, 2019 the West Bengal Government will distribute ‘Khatian’ of those landed properties. They were provided with khasra Khatian (Record of Rights) but most of it was full of mistakes.
But surprisingly, Mr. Ajijar Miah did not get any record of rights (khatian) of his property which was owned and possessed by him and his family members for more than 25 years.
On 05.02.2019 Block Land and Land Revenue Officer, Sitalkuchi Block issued one notice to the erstwhile enclave dwellers for submission of their objection if they find any mistake in the issued Khatian in connection with their concerned land. On 06.02.2019 Mr. Ajijar Miah submitted his objection by filing Form no. 9 (objection under sub section (1) of section 51A of the West Bengal Land Reforms Act, 1955) vide objection number NK/B/86. In the objection he mentioned that he has total 3.25 decimal of land under Nalgram Khanda village (J.L. No. 069) of Sitalkuchi Block but after survey the concerned administration did not provide him the record of rights (Khatian) of his above-mentioned property.
After one month a hearing was held in the office of the Block Land and Land Reforms Officer, Sitalkuchi Block. On that day Mr. Ajijar Miah submitted relevant documents before the Block Land and Land Reforms Officer, Sitalkuchi Block. Mr. Miah submitted one sale deed which was executed in the office of the Patgram Sub Registry Office, Bangladesh by Md. Sultan Miah in the name of Mr. Ajijar Miah dated 13.09.1984. A copy of the said sale deed vide no. 5446 dated 13.09.1984 is annexed herewith for your kind consideration. But the concerned BL & LRO, Sitalkuchi Block did not take any positive steps in this regard. Mr. Ajijar Miah is knocking the doors of administrative offices to get the record of rights (Khatian) of his owned and possessed property. On 19.09.2022 Mr. Miah again submitted one written application to the Block Land and Land Reforms Officer, Sitalkuchi Block but no positive steps have been taken in this regard by the concerned BL & LRO office.
Following I provide the details of the land owned and possessed by Mr. Ajijar Miah which was not recorded by the concerned administration:
After the Land Boundary Agreement (LBA), 2015, Mr. Ajijar Miah did not receive any benefits from the social security schemes of the Central or State Government. He had received a job card under MGNREGA project but he was not provided with 100 days work under MGNREGA project and without getting any unemployment compensation. Section 7(3) of the MGNREGA Act provides that the State Government is liable to pay compensation for cease of work within a full term of 100 days. As till date he did not get the land titles and record of rights (khatian) of his land, he did not receive the benefit of the ‘Pradhan Mantri Kishan Nidhi Prakalpa’ or ‘Kishan Bandhu Prakalpa’.
The total process of land distribution is with loads of ambiguity and in actual terms, depriving the erstwhile enclave dwellers from ownership of their own land and an infringement on their righteous possession over inherited/ accumulated landed property. These acts are against the recommendation of the Standing Committee of Parliament on External Affairs (Report on the Constitution 119th Amendment Bill) in connection with the enclave matter.
In this connection I request to your urgent intervention with following demands:
· Immediately take necessary steps to provide the record of rights (Khatian) to Mr. Ajijar Miah.
· Take positive action against the BL&LRO Sitalkuchi Block, who did not take any positive steps on the written objection of Mr. Ajijar.
· Inquiry must be done by the independent agency for digging out the fact whether there was any ill-intention of the administration for not providing the record of rights (khatian) in connection with the land owned and possessed by Mr. Ajijar Miah.
· Immediate steps should be undertaken to ensure developmental activities in erstwhile enclaves.
· Directed to start 100 days work under MGNREGA project and Mr. Ajijar Miah should be provided with a job under MGNREGA project.
· Benefits of ‘Pradhan Mantri Kishan Nidhi Prakalpa’ and ‘Krishak Bandhu Prakalpa’ should be immediately provided to Mr. Ajijar Miah.
· Promises made during the Land Boundary Agreement, 2015 for the erstwhile enclave dwellers must be fulfilled.
· Mr. B.B. Mishra, Special Rapporteur of NHRC submitted his report and recommendation on erstwhile enclave dwellers and NHRC sent that to the West Bengal Government long back. Why was that report and recommendations not considered by the Cooch Behar district administration? The report and recommendations of Special Rapporteur Mr. B.B.Mishra should be adhered to.



हिंदी आलोचना जैसे पिछड़ चुके अनुशासन की जगह हिंदी वैचारिकी का विकास जरूरी

- प्रमोद रंजन*   भारतीय राजनीति में सांप्रदायिक व प्रतिक्रियावादी ताकतों को सत्ता तक पहुंचाने में हिंदी पट्टी का सबसे बड़ा योगदान है। इसका मुख्य कारण हिंदी-पट्टी में कार्यरत समाजवादी व जनपक्षधर हिरावल दस्ते का विचारहीन, अनैतिक और  प्रतिक्रियावादी होते जाना है। अगर हम उपरोक्त बातों को स्वीकार करते हैं, तो कुछ रोचक निष्कर्ष निकलते हैं। हिंदी-जनता और उसके हिरावल दस्ते को विचारहीन और प्रतिक्रियावादी बनने से रोकने की मुख्य ज़िम्मेदारी किसकी थी?

ગુજરાતના સ્થાપના દિવસે યાદ કરીએ ભારતના વિશ્વપ્રસિદ્ધ ગુજરાતી પુરાતત્વવિદ્ ને

- ગૌરાંગ જાની*  આજે કોઈ ગુજરાતી એ કલ્પના પણ ન કરી શકે કે વર્ષ ૧૮૩૯ માં જૂનાગઢમાં જન્મેલા એક ગુજરાતી વિશ્વ પ્રસિદ્ધ બની શકે! પણ આપણે એ ગુજરાતીને કદાચ વિસરી ગયા છીએ જેમણે ગિરનારના અશોક શિલાલેખને દોઢસો વર્ષ પૂર્વે ઉકેલી આપ્યો.આ વિદ્વાન એટલે ભગવાનલાલ ઈન્દ્રજી. ૭ નવેમ્બર, ૧૮૩૯ ના દિવસે જૂનાગઢના પ્રશ્નોરા નાગર બ્રાહ્મણ પરિવારમાં તેમનો જન્મ થયો હતો. જૂનાગઢના એ સમયે અંગ્રેજી શિક્ષણની સગવડ ન હોવાને કારણે તેમને અંગ્રેજી ભાષાનું જ્ઞાન ન હતું પણ પાછળથી તેમણે ખપ પૂરતું અંગ્રેજી જાણી લીધું હતું.

Under Modi, democracy is regressing and economy is also growing slowly

By Avyaan Sharma*   India is "the largest democracy in the world", but now its democracy is regressing and its economy is also growing slowly. What has PM Modi's ten years in power brought us? Unemployment remains high. Joblessness is particularly high among India's youth - with those aged 15 to 29 making up a staggering 83% of all unemployed people in India, according to the "India Employment Report 2024", published last month by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Institute of Human Development (IHD). The BJP-led government did not provide jobs to two crore youth in a year as was promised by Modi in the run up to the 2014 general elections.

नफरती बातें: मुसलमानों में असुरक्षा का भाव बढ़ रहा है, वे अपने मोहल्लों में सिमट रहे हैं

- राम पुनियानी*  भारत पर पिछले 10 सालों से हिन्दू राष्ट्रवादी भारतीय जनता पार्टी (भाजपा) राज कर रही है. भाजपा आरएसएस परिवार की सदस्य है और आरएसएस का लक्ष्य है हिन्दू राष्ट्र का निर्माण. आरएसएस से जुड़ी सैंकड़ों संस्थाएँ हैं. उसके लाखों, बल्कि शायद, करोड़ों स्वयंसेवक हैं. इसके अलावा कई हजार वरिष्ठ कार्यकर्ता हैं जिन्हें प्रचारक कहा जाता है. भाजपा के सत्ता में आने के बाद से आरएसएस दुगनी गति से हिन्दू राष्ट्र के निर्माण के अपने एजेण्डे को पूरा करने में जुट गया है. यदि भाजपा को चुनावों में लगातार सफलता हासिल हो रही है तो उसका कारण है देश में साम्प्रदायिकता और साम्प्रदायिक मुद्दों का बढ़ता बोलबाला. इनमें से कुछ हैं राम मंदिर, गौमांस और गोवध एवं लव जिहाद. 

Laxmanpur Bathe massacre: Perfect example of proto-fascist Brahmanical social order

By Harsh Thakor  The massacre at Laxmanpur-Bathe of Jehanabad in Bihar on the night of 1 December in 1997 was a landmark event with distinguishing features .The genocide rightly shook the conscience of the nation in the 50th year of Indian independence. The scale of the carnage was unparalleled in any caste massacre. It was a perfect manifestation of how in essence the so called neo-liberal state was in essence most autocratic. 

रैंकिंग: अधिकांश भारतीय विश्वविद्यालयों का स्तर बहुत गिरा, इस साल भी यह गिरवाट जारी

- प्रमोद रंजन*  अप्रैल, 2024 में भारतीय विश्वविद्यालयों की अंतर्राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर उच्च रैंकिंग की चर्चा रही। मीडिया ने इसका उत्सव मनाया। लेकिन स्थिति इसके विपरीत है। वैश्विक विश्वविद्यालय रैंकिग में अच्छा स्थान मिलने की खबरें, कुछ संस्थानों को इक्का-दुक्का विषयों में मिले रैंक के आधार पर चुनिंदा ढंग से प्रकाशित की गईं थीं। वास्तविकता यह है कि हाल के वर्षों में हमारे अधिकांश विश्वविद्यालयों का स्तर बहुत गिर गया है। इस साल भी यह गिरवाट जारी रही है।

प्राचीन भारत के लोकायत संप्रदाय ने कुछ परजीवियों की खूब खबर ली: प्रमुख प्रस्थापनायें

- राणा सिंह   भारत में परजीवियों का एक विशाल समूह है जो बोलता है कि “सब कुछ माया है”,  लेकिन व्यवहार में यह समूह सारी जिंदगी इसी “माया” के पीछे पागल रहता है।  प्राचीन भारत के लोकायत संप्रदाय ने इन परजीवियों की खूब खबर ली थी।

नोएडा में मैन्युअल स्कैवेंजर्स की मौत: परिवारों को मुआवजा नहीं, प्राधिकरण ने एफआईआर नहीं की

- अरुण खोटे, संजीव कुमार*  गत एक सप्ताह में, उत्तर प्रदेश में सीवर/सेप्टि क टैंक सफाई कर्मियों की सफाई के दौरान सेप्टिक टैंक में मौत। 2 मई, 2024 को, लखनऊ के वज़ीरगजं क्षेत्र में एक सेवर लाइन की सफाई करते समय शोब्रान यादव, 56, और उनके पत्रु सशुील यादव, 28, घटुन से हुई मौत। एक और घटना 3 मई 2024 को नोएडा, सेक्टर 26 में एक घर में सेप्टि क टैंक को सफाई करते समय दो सफाई कर्मचर्मारी नूनी मडंल, 36 और कोकन मडंल जिसे तपन मडंल के नाम से जानते हैं, की मौत हो गई। ये सफाई कर्मचर्मारी बंगाल के मालदा जिले के निवासी थे और नोएडा सेक्टर 9 में रहते थे। कोकन मडंल अपनी पत्नी अनीता मडंल के साथ रहते थे। इनके तीन स्कूल जाने वाले बच्चे हैं जो बंगाल में रहते हैं। नूनी मडंल अपनी पत्नी लिलिका मडंल और अपने पत्रु सजुान के साथ किराए पर झग्गी में रहते थे। वे दैनिक मजदरूी और सफाई कर्मचर्मारी के रूप में काम करते थे।

दाँव उल्टा पड़ा: राहुल गांधी के रूप में हम एक साधारण इंसान को नायक होते देख रहे हैं

-  अमिता नीरव  संघ औऱ बीजेपी ने राहुल गाँधी पर जो सोचकर ‘इन्वेस्ट’ किया था, उसके परिणाम गंभीर रूप से नुकसानदेह आ रहे हैं। ये थोड़ी अटपटी बात लग सकती है, लेकिन सोचिएगा कि संघ और बीजेपी ने राहुल गाँधी को जितना गंभीरता से लिया, उनकी संभावनाओं को लेकर वे जितना श्योर थे, उतना तो खुद राहुल और कांग्रेस भी नहीं थी।

બે પુખ્ત યુવક-યુવતીન જીવનસાથી બનવા નક્કી કરે તો સત્તાધારીઓના પેટમાં કેમ ગોળો ચઢે છે?

- બિપિન શ્રોફ   “લવ જેહાદ”! કેવો લાગ્યો આ  શબ્દ?  શું મારુ કે તમારું નાકનું ટેરવું તો ચઢી ગયું  નથી ને? લખનાર અને વાંચનાર બે માંથી કોઈના મા-બાપની કોઈ ગરાશ તો લૂંટાઈ ગઈ નથી ને ? એ તો જેને વીતે તેને ખબર પડે? પરોપ દેશે પાંડિત્યમ! કેમ? ખરી વાત ને?