Skip to main content

How the slogan Jai Bhim gained momentum as movement of popularity and revolution

By Dr Kapilendra Das* 

India is an incomprehensible plural country loaded with diversities of religions, castes, cultures, languages, dialects, tribes, societies, costumes, etc. The Indians have good manners/etiquette (decent social conduct, gesture, courtesy, politeness) that build healthy relationships and take them ahead to life. In many parts of India, in many situations, and on formal occasions, it is common for people of India to express and exchange respect, greetings, and salutation for which we people usually use words and phrases like- Namaskar, Namaste, Pranam, Ram Ram, Jai Ram ji, Jai Sriram, Good morning, shubha sakal, Radhe Radhe, Jai Bajarangabali, Jai Gopal, Jai Jai, Supravat, Good night, Shuvaratri, Jai Bhole, Salaam walekam, Walekam salaam, Radhaswami, Namo Buddhaya, Jai Bhim, Hello, and so on.
A soft attitude always creates strong relationships. A relationship should not depend only on spoken words. They should rely on understanding the unspoken feeling too. So when we meet people we shake hands, embrace each other, and express a variety of gestures.
As such ‘JAI BHIM’ is also one of the greeting phrases being used by Indian Buddhists and the inspiration of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. It has become of symbol of all kinds of identities.
Today the JAI BHIM slogan/phrase has gained popularity all over India. A question arises in everybody’s mind How Why and What for “JAI BHIM”?
There are many interpretations and meanings of JAI BHIM explained in this article.


Throwing light on the origin of “JAI BHIM” Vivek Kumar, Professor, JNU Delhi said, “The first time, when JAI BHIM was uttered, it was used as ‘War Cry’ during the famous battle of Bhim Koregaon on January 1, 1818”. Further Vivek Kumar stated that during the war, when the Mahar sepoys (as a part of the British East India Company) used to cross the Bhima River, they shouted “JAI BHIM” to galvanize themselves.
In the twentieth century, “JAI BHIM” words/ Slogan usually refers to Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, a multidimensional personality of all the times. He is a symbol of knowledge, an immense source of inspiration even today, and a torch bearer of social justice, equality, liberty, and fraternity.
Babu Hardas Laxmanrao Nagrale (1904-1939). General Secretary of the Independent Labour Party, a politician, and social reformer was an ardent follower of
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. Babu Haridas L.N. was the pioneer of the practice of exchanging the greeting “JAI BHIM” and he was the real originator of the word “JAI BHIM” in 1935 which refers to Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. Babu Haridas L.N was also one of the signatories to the “Poona Pact”.
How “JAI BHIM” originated is narrated by P.T Ramteke in his research paper titled “JAI BHIM” (PUBLISHED IN January 2000). It was his dissertation for his M.A. He describes how Hardas conceived and developed the idea of JAI BHIM. So he (Babu Hari Das) is considered the father of “JAI BHIM”.
In 1946, on the occasion of the Birthday celebration of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar for the time in the presence of Dr. Ambedkar, "JAI BHIM" was proclaimed by a Dalit poet Bihari lal Harit (1913-1999) through a poem in Gandhi Ground, opp. Old Delhi Railway Station.
The salutation “JAI BHIM” started during Dr. Ambedkar’s Life time. Activists of the Ambedkarite movement used to call each other “JAI BHIM” but some activists also directly saluted Dr. Ambedkar as “JAI BHIM”.
After the death of Dr. Ambedkar in 1956, the slogan “JAI BHIM” gained momentum as a movement of popularity and revolution.
Narendra Modi Prime Minister launched a paid app whose acronym “BHIM” (Bharat Interface for Money) on 30 December 2016. It is intended to facilitate e- payments directly through banks and encourage cashless transactions and “BHIM” beamed a political message to the socially disadvantaged.
At a joint election rally in Uttar Pradesh Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India began his 30-minute speech by raising the slogan “JAI BHIM” and “ BHARAT MATA KI JAI” as Poll Cry slogans. Addressing the gathering of party workers Modi recalled Dr. Ambedkar as an economist and even went on to utter “Bahujan Hitay Bahujan Sukhay”.


‘JAI’ means “Long Live!” and ‘BHIM’ refers to Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. ‘JAI BHIM’ literally means “Long live the legacy and inspiration of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.”
“JAI BHIM” means
- Dignity, Pride, Humanity
- Revolution, Progress, Victory
- Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
- Wisdom, Compassion, Morality
- Faith, Inspiration, Chastity
- Gratitude, Enlightenment, Integrity
- Strength, Justice, Honesty
- Educate, Agitate, and Organise
The slogan “JAI BHIM” contextually means “Victory to Baba Saheb Ambedkar and Victory to Ambedkar’s ideals, ideology, and principles”. “Victory for BHIM” “Long live BHIM”.
The reason for using the "JAI BHIM” slogan is that the noble ideal of Dr. Ambedkar’s life, the indomitable spirit which enabled the greatest humanitarian to work for the human society to build the nation on the edifice based on Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, and Social Justice for all.
Whatever might be the meaning and interpretations of the slogan- “JAI BHiM” in terms of researchers and others, it is to be noted that “JAI BHIM” is not only the phrase which is used for greeting but it also gives inspiration to all those people who have been humiliated for years and all those who believe in revolutions and it is a beacon of hope for the oppressed and marginalized.
Proud to say “JAI BHIM"...
Educationalist and Social Activist.



Global Ambedkarites in deep shock over killing of Buddhist Ambedkarite youth in Nanded

Joint  Ambedkar International Mission and Ambedkar Association of North America statement on killing of an Ambedkarite Buddhist youth for celebrating Dr Ambedkar Jayanti (birth anniversary) in his village on 1st June 2023 in Bondhar Haveli village, Nanded, Maharashtra: *** Every single public event hosted by any social or political organization in Maharashtra is not completed without citing Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar and yet an Ambedkarite Buddhist youth, Akshay Bhalerao was brutally murdered for celebrating Dr Ambedkar Jayanti in the village Bondhar, Nanded, Maharashtra by dominant caste goons. Caste Atrocities are common in such villages where the Scheduled Castes and Buddhists are daily humiliated, mocked, or abused with caste slurs and women subjected to sexual violence. 

How this top Maoist leader couldn't extricate completely from the Left adventurist line

By Harsh Thakor  On the 31st of May Katakam Sudarshan, known as Comrade Anand, breathed his last, at the age of 69. Anand was a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoists) and an important leader of the revolutionary movement of India.

Discussion on making school education meaningful to vulnerable communities

ActionAid note on workshop to boost National Curriculum Framework operations: *** Leading educationists and activists striving to make education meaningful to vulnerable communities gathered in Delhi to discuss the National Curriculum Framework for School Education (NCFSE). Acting in response to the call of the NCF Steering Committee appointed by the Ministry of Education, Government of India, ActionAid Association had organised the meeting to gather feedback on the draft NCFSE. This is part of ActionAid Association’s commitment to promote inclusive and gender-responsive education. The two-day national workshop titled ‘NCF Perspectives: Seeking Feedback on National Curriculum Framework (NCF)’ on May 30 and 31, 2023, was held at India International Centre, New Delhi. The workshop aimed to ensure a structured approach to gathering feedback from key stakeholders and enhancing their active participation in shaping the response sought by the Government of India. Stakeholders representing e

Abrogation of Art 370: Increasing alienation, relentless repression, simmering conflict

One year after the abrogation by the Central Government of Art. 370 in Kashmir, what is the situation in the Valley. Have the promises of peace, normalcy and development been realised? What is the current status in the Valley? Here is a detailed note by the People’s Union for Civil Liberties , “Jammu & Kashmir: One Year after Abrogation of Art. 370: Increasing Alienation, Relentless Repression, Simmering Conflict”:

Release of dabang neta: Rule of law can't be allowed to be slave to political rhetoric

By Vidya Bhushan Rawat*  When we look to politicians for solutions and politics as the 'final solution' for every evil then we are disappointed most of the time. In politics, we knowingly or unknowingly become part of the propaganda tool of the ruling elite which exists everywhere across different castes. We often provide issues and talk about them in binaries which suit our elites. The minorities among the marginalised who have no political space and representation rarely get heard by these majoritarian parties whose agenda remain power communities. Every political party in today's time is following the 'successful' formula of 'democracy' which is keeping the 'powerful' 'jaatis' with them leaving aside the marginalised one. The BJP started this but yes they cobbled together all other communities too through a diverse narrative.

J&K RTI activist denied opportunity to address audience, bring forward critical issues

Statement by Er. Irfan Banka, Founder of J&K RTI Foundation and convener of the Nalae Ferozpora Bachav Movement, regarding the incident of official misconduct during the My Town My Pride Jan Abhiyan Program and communication to Raj Bhavan: *** Er. Irfan Banka, a prominent RTI Activist and advocate, has come forward to address an incident of misconduct that occurred during the My Town My Pride Jan Abhiyan Program held at Mugam Town Hall in  Budgam. Additionally, Er. Irfan Banka has communicated the matter to Raj Bhavan, seeking appropriate action. During the event, Er. Irfan Banka was denied the opportunity to address the audience and bring forward critical issues concerning the people and services in the community, including waste management, traffic management, and the achievement of sustainable development goals. The incident involved the Additional Registrar Co-operative Kashmir, who not only prevented Er. Irfan Banka from speaking but also subjected him to public humiliation. E

Why are 17 Indian cos, including Sterlite, blacklisted by Norway bank

By Venkatesh Nayak* Readers may recall the gory incidents that took place at Thoothukudi (Tuticorin) in Tamil Nadu in the southern part of India on 22 May, 2018. Thirteen protesters died on the spot when the police opened fire to disperse an assemblage of thousands of local residents and representatives of civil society groups. They were protesting against the adverse environmental impact of the industrial operations of Sterlite Copper which runs a copper smelter plant in the area. Accusations against the company have ranged from polluting local water resources to plans for expanding the installed capacity of the plant without the necessary environmental clearances. A ground report published in The Wire recently, mentions the decision taken by Norges Bank a few years ago to not invest funds from Norway’s Government Pension Fund Global (GPFG) in Sterlite “due to an unacceptable risk of complicity in current and future severe environmental damage and systematic human rights violations

Sengol imbroglio suggests reason why Modi, BJP don't respect modern Indian history

By Vidya Bhushan Rawat*  The new parliament building opened on February 28. It looks it is not the Parliament but part of #Pratinidhisabhas ' started by earstwhile #princelystates in India. The #BJP for long has been acting as if India is a #Kingdom and Modi ji the new #King of India. Even at the coronations of Kings, you find a large number of people, and dignitaries but look at the opening ceremony we have only one face as if he build everything. Is it the dream of a republic.

Danger ahead: Smartphones making teens sexually smart, but mentally disturbed

By Harasankar Adhikari  We live in a digitally globalised society. Bombarded consumerism and imitation of foreign cultures and practises reshape our everyday lives. Life choices and lifestyles are the driving forces of modernity at present. People of almost all ages are within this realm and rhythm of consumerism for happiness.

Cave of Spleen - a feminist perspective: Status of women in early 18th century England

The Cave of Spleen: Aubrey Beardsley's illustration for Pope's “The Rape of the Lock” By Pragya Ranjan  "The Rape of the Lock" by Alexander Pope published in 1712 is a mock-heroic narrative which satirically glorifies trivial incident of cutting of locks of protagonist Belinda. This poem was written in the Augustan Era (1660-1784) which is marked by the period of scientific reason and rationality, whose effect can be seen on the writers of those times. This timeline is particularly important to analyse the episode of the Cave of Spleen.