सीधे मुख्य सामग्री पर जाएं

How this top Maoist leader couldn't extricate completely from the Left adventurist line

By Harsh Thakor 

On the 31st of May Katakam Sudarshan, known as Comrade Anand, breathed his last, at the age of 69. Anand was a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoists) and an important leader of the revolutionary movement of India.
Without doubt Sudarshan or Anand was one of the best sons of our soil, who shimmered the spark of New Democratic Revolution and Maoism, till his last breath. Anand was a manifestation of the creative spirit of Marxism which could create a new man. His soul reverberated the very aspirations of the toiling and oppressed masses.Anand may be physically gone, but his spirit is not dead and buried, and his soul will shimmer to inspire new lotuses to blossom. The valiant leader took courage to zones rarely transcended, defining how a revolutionary is not just a run of the mill human being, but a unique character.
Sudarshan was a major architect of the revolutionary movement in India and had escaped from dozens of exchanges of fire with the security forces in his nearly five decade-long life in the underground. The CPI (Maoist) called for the organization of commemoration meetings across the whole country from the 5th of June to the 3rd of August.
Sudarshan had been suffering acutely for a considerable period from chronic bronchitis, diabetes and problems with high blood pressure.The cause for his death was probably the curbing of availability to medicine and medical facilities: Fascist manoeuvres being undertaken by the central and state governments to block the supply of medicines and medical facilities to the leaders and workers of the revolutionary movement. Regretful is that how neo-fascism today will prevent any open commemoration meeting for the departed leader.

Political Life

Sudarshan constituted the first generation of revolutionary leaders born and nurtured after the Naxalbari rebellion, and unflinchingly contributed to the Indian revolution for almost 5 decades. He gained his baptism with the Andhra Pradesh Radical Students Union.
His major contribution to the Indian revolution was in unfolding the revolutionary struggle in Dandakaranya to many an area, like turning a spark into a Prairie fire. Sudarshan later became a member of the Central Committee and then of its Politburo. From 2001 to 2017 he was the Secretary of the Central Regional Bureau, until he relinquished the post due to health issues.
He was at this time responsible for the publishing of magazine People’s March and contributed to shimmering spark of Indian revolutionary politics internationally. During the two last years he served as Secretary of the Central Regional Bureau, and was also the spokesperson of the Central Committee. After this he continued functioning as a member of the Politburo. He remained in the underground for a period of nearly 48 years.
Sudarshan was also known by the aliases Anand and Dula. He was a Maoist ideologue and an expert in the fieldcraft and hailed from Bellampalli of Adilabad district of Telangana state. He had a Diploma in Mining. He joined the CPI (ML) People’s War party in 1978, and worked as the organizer of the party’s ‘Go to the villages’ campaign in Luxettipet and Jannaram region.
Sudarshan toiled relentlessly in coalfield areas and lit a spark to the revolutionary movement after the Indravelli firing on April 20, 1981. He was then Adilabad District Committee Secretary and later in 1985 moved to Dandakaranya region as part of the ‘Guerrilla Zone Perspective”. Sudarshan led the Sironcha squad in Gadchiroli district, which was one of the seven squads sent to Dandakaranya, extending from Gadchiroli (in Maharashtra state) to Bastar district in Chhattisgarh.
Subsequently, Sudarshan played an integral role in knitting the ‘Retreat Zone’ extending from Adilabad, Gadchiroli, Bastar to East Godavari and was the “Forest Liaison Committee” member of the then CPI (ML) People’s War. Later in 1995, he was appointed as the Secretary of newly formed North Telangana Special Zonal Committee (NTSZC). Subsequently he was elected to the Central Committee in the All India Special Conference in 1995. Also in the 2001 and 2007 Congresses, he was elected as a member of the Central Committee and Politburo of the CPI (ML) People’s War and subsequently the CPI (Maoist).

Positive Qualities

Anand’s death was mortal blow to the Maoist movement and party. It is remarkable how in every juncture of his life the movement fell into the depths of despair, and with death defying courage and judicious skill Anand resurrected it, to the floor. He traversed the most tortuous paths and overcame the steepest hurdles.
Sudarshan was amongst the leaders who planted the seeds for genuine forms of people’s democracy crystallising in Dandkaranya .Adivasis could now cultivate their own lands or pattas ,earn stipulated minimum wages undertake administration, have alternative literacy and health facilities and resist the merciless tyranny of contractors and politicians. With the skill of an engineer Sudarshan could cultivate forms of combat to resist the tyranny of the police force and in the gravest times, inspire people.
His role in the revolutionary movement of India, in the ideological, political, organizational plane to construct the united front, to the whole party and to the PLGA, through his tenacious five decades long revolutionary work, will burn like an inextinguishable flame as a beacon for mass organizations, Janatana governments and the entire revolutionary camp.
Workers, peasants, middle class, small capitalists, dalits, tribals, religious minority communities, women and oppressed nationalities from all over the country were inspired by his teachings and revolutionary work to carry forward the torch of the revolutionary movement. He deserves tributes from contingents of the Communist and Revolutionary parties’ worldwide.Sudarshan’s life illustrated that Marxism-Leninism and Maoism is not dead and buried, legitimacy of the Chinese path of peoples war and how the C.P.I. (Maoist) is at the forefront of the world revolution, leading the strongest people’s army.
Sudarshan’s life was a testimony to the undaunting courage and tenacity of slain leaders of the C.P.I. (Maoist) which transcended boundaries, rarely scaled in history of people’s resistance. His life story is a living example of how a revolutionary germinates from the stage of an embryo.
Sudarshan stood like a rock withstanding the most powerful gale against all counter- revolutionary or revisionist tendencies and living example of collective spirit as against individualism. Even non –Marxists or people who disagree with the line of the Maoist party should acclaim the contribution he rendered to resist the neo-fascist corporate tyranny and wage an ideological battle against Hindu fascism.

Flaws

Today the C.P.I (Maoist) is facing untold or merciless attacks by the state, with important leaders and cadres perishing by day by day.Inspite of heroically waging resistance to withstand the neo-fascist rulers it is unable to formulate or establish genuine people’s democracy or base areas or completely cultivate a mass line or sow seeds of agrarian revolutionary movement. The Maoist movement today stands on a periphery, with hardly any proper insulation from the security forces and inability to replenish losses.
Leaders like Sudarshan could not extricate themselves completely from the left adventurist line influence, whereby subjective factors were not created or mass movements not sufficiently constructed to back or supplement armed struggle. Nor could they undertake constructive party review of how to overcome the gross attacks which broke their backbone or grave setbacks in regions like Gadricholi and Chattisgarh , insufficient level of democracy within mass organisations, defective military line place single-handed focus on military aspects ,check anarchism and mechanically copy Chinese path of Revolution.
During the mergers of the C.P.I (ML) Peoples War with the Maoist Communist Centre or earlier merger of CPI (ML) Party Unity with the Peoples War Group,Sudarshan could not comprehend or guage the glaring flaws in aspect of unifying the party or building mass movement as a whole, and overestimated subjective strength of the party forces to confront the state.
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Harsh Thakor is freelance journalist who has covered mass movements and extensively studies Indian Communist movement. Thanks information from Red Spark, Red Herald and press release statement of the CPI (Maoist)

टिप्पणियाँ

ट्रेंडिंग

हिंदी आलोचना जैसे पिछड़ चुके अनुशासन की जगह हिंदी वैचारिकी का विकास जरूरी

- प्रमोद रंजन*   भारतीय राजनीति में सांप्रदायिक व प्रतिक्रियावादी ताकतों को सत्ता तक पहुंचाने में हिंदी पट्टी का सबसे बड़ा योगदान है। इसका मुख्य कारण हिंदी-पट्टी में कार्यरत समाजवादी व जनपक्षधर हिरावल दस्ते का विचारहीन, अनैतिक और  प्रतिक्रियावादी होते जाना है। अगर हम उपरोक्त बातों को स्वीकार करते हैं, तो कुछ रोचक निष्कर्ष निकलते हैं। हिंदी-जनता और उसके हिरावल दस्ते को विचारहीन और प्रतिक्रियावादी बनने से रोकने की मुख्य ज़िम्मेदारी किसकी थी?

नफरती बातें: मुसलमानों में असुरक्षा का भाव बढ़ रहा है, वे अपने मोहल्लों में सिमट रहे हैं

- राम पुनियानी*  भारत पर पिछले 10 सालों से हिन्दू राष्ट्रवादी भारतीय जनता पार्टी (भाजपा) राज कर रही है. भाजपा आरएसएस परिवार की सदस्य है और आरएसएस का लक्ष्य है हिन्दू राष्ट्र का निर्माण. आरएसएस से जुड़ी सैंकड़ों संस्थाएँ हैं. उसके लाखों, बल्कि शायद, करोड़ों स्वयंसेवक हैं. इसके अलावा कई हजार वरिष्ठ कार्यकर्ता हैं जिन्हें प्रचारक कहा जाता है. भाजपा के सत्ता में आने के बाद से आरएसएस दुगनी गति से हिन्दू राष्ट्र के निर्माण के अपने एजेण्डे को पूरा करने में जुट गया है. यदि भाजपा को चुनावों में लगातार सफलता हासिल हो रही है तो उसका कारण है देश में साम्प्रदायिकता और साम्प्रदायिक मुद्दों का बढ़ता बोलबाला. इनमें से कुछ हैं राम मंदिर, गौमांस और गोवध एवं लव जिहाद. 

देशव्यापी ग्रामीण भारत बंध में उतरे मध्य प्रदेश के आदिवासी, किया केंद्र सरकार का विरोध

- हरसिंग जमरे, भिखला सोलंकी, रतन अलावे*  15 और 16 फरवरी को निमाड के बड़वानी, खरगोन और बुरहानपुर में जागृत आदिवासी दलित संगठन के नेतृत्व में आदिवासी महिला-पुरुषों ग्रामीण भारत बंद में रैली एवं विरोध प्रदर्शन किया । प्रधान मंत्री द्वारा 2014 में फसलों की लागत का डेढ़ गुना भाव देने का वादा किया गया था, 2016 में किसानों की आय दुगना करने का वादा किया गया था । आज, फसलों का दाम नहीं बढ़ रहा है, लेकिन खेती में खर्च बढ़ता जा रहा है! खाद, बीज और दवाइयों का दाम, तीन-चार गुना बढ़ चुका है! किसानों को लागत का डेढ़ गुना भाव देने के बजाए, खेती को कंपनियों के हवाले करने के लिए 3 काले कृषि कानून लाए गए । 3 काले कानून वापस लेते समय प्रधान मंत्री ने फिर वादा किया था कि फसलों की लागत का डेढ़ गुना भाव की कानूनी गारंटी के लिए कानून बनाएँगे, लेकिन वो भी झूठ निकला! आज जब देश के किसान दिल्ली में आपको अपना वादा याद दिलाने आए है, तब आप उनका रास्ता रोक रहें है, उनके साथ मारपीट कर उन पर आँसू गैस फेंक रहें हैं, उन पर छर्रों से फायरिंग कर रहें है! देश को खिलाने वाला किसान खुद भूखा रहे, क्या यही विकास है?

18થી નાની ઉંમરના 1,15,129 બાળકો શાળા બહાર? વાસ્તવિક આંકડો 15-20 ગણો વધું

- સુખદેવ પટેલ*  16 એપ્રિલથી સમગ્ર ગુજરાતમાં શાળા બહારના 6 થી 19 વર્ષની ઉંમરના બાળકોનો સર્વે શરૂ થયો છે.  જે 26 એપ્રિલ સુધી ચાલશે. જેની જવાબદારી સરકારી શાળાના શિક્ષકોને સોંપવામાં આવી છે. અત્યારે પ્રાથમિક શાળાઓમાં વાર્ષિક પરીક્ષાઓ ચાલી રહી છે. લોકસભાની ચૂંટણીઓના કામ પણ શિક્ષકોને ભાગે કરવાના આવશે. શિક્ષકો કેટલું કરી શક્શે? શિક્ષકો પાસેથી વ્યાજબી રીતે કેટલી અપેક્ષાઓ રાખવી જોઈએ? RTE ની જોગવાઈઓ મુજબ દરેક બાળક શિક્ષણ મેળવી શકે, તે માટે શાળા બહારના બાળકોને સર્વે કરીને શોધી કાઢવાનું ઉમદા કામ સરકાર વિચારે છે, તે આવકારદાયક છે. આવાં ઉત્તમ કામમાં જેમને સીધો લાભ થવાનો છે,  તેવાં હિતધારકોની પ્રતિનિધિ સમિતિ SMC સ્કૂલ મેનેજમેન્ટ કમિટી આ જવાબદારી સારી રીતે ઉપાડી શકે તેમ છે. શિક્ષણ વિભાગ SSA તરફથી આ કામગીરીમાં SMC ની ભાગીદારીનું આયોજન કરીને યોગ્ય માર્ગદર્શિકા તૈયાર કરવી જોઈએ.

How the slogan Jai Bhim gained momentum as movement of popularity and revolution

By Dr Kapilendra Das*  India is an incomprehensible plural country loaded with diversities of religions, castes, cultures, languages, dialects, tribes, societies, costumes, etc. The Indians have good manners/etiquette (decent social conduct, gesture, courtesy, politeness) that build healthy relationships and take them ahead to life. In many parts of India, in many situations, and on formal occasions, it is common for people of India to express and exchange respect, greetings, and salutation for which we people usually use words and phrases like- Namaskar, Namaste, Pranam, Ram Ram, Jai Ram ji, Jai Sriram, Good morning, shubha sakal, Radhe Radhe, Jai Bajarangabali, Jai Gopal, Jai Jai, Supravat, Good night, Shuvaratri, Jai Bhole, Salaam walekam, Walekam salaam, Radhaswami, Namo Buddhaya, Jai Bhim, Hello, and so on.

Laxmanpur Bathe massacre: Perfect example of proto-fascist Brahmanical social order

By Harsh Thakor  The massacre at Laxmanpur-Bathe of Jehanabad in Bihar on the night of 1 December in 1997 was a landmark event with distinguishing features .The genocide rightly shook the conscience of the nation in the 50th year of Indian independence. The scale of the carnage was unparalleled in any caste massacre. It was a perfect manifestation of how in essence the so called neo-liberal state was in essence most autocratic. 

स्वास्थ्य सेवाओं को मजबूत करने के बजाय बीमा आधारित सेवाओं को प्राथमिकता क्यों?

- राष्ट्रीय स्वास्थ्य अधिकार अभियान  वैश्विक स्तर पर “विश्व स्वास्थ्य दिवस” इस साल “हमारा स्वास्थ्य, हमारा अधिकार” की अवधारणा को केन्द्रित कर मनाया जा रहा है। इस उपलक्ष्य में राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर स्वास्थ्य अधिकार संघर्ष को मजबूत करने के लिए, संवैधानिक और नीतिगत रूप में स्वास्थ्य को मौलिक अधिकार बनाने के लिए, स्वास्थ्य के विभिन्न आयामों को लोगों के हक के लिए संगठित करने, जागरूक करने और स्वास्थ्य के मानकों पर कार्य करने हेतु तथा सरकार को जनता के प्रति जिम्मेदार बनाने हेतु जन आंदोलनों के राष्ट्रीय समन्वय ने स्वास्थ्य अधिकार अभियान के माध्यम से जनता के पक्ष को मजबूत करने के लिए राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर स्वास्थ्य अधिकार के मुद्दे पर सक्रिय रूप से कार्य करेगा।

અમદાવાદ પોલિસ કમિશનરનું જાહેરનામું: નાગરિક સ્વાતંત્ર્ય પર તરાપ મારવાની પ્રક્રિયાનો એક ભાગ

- હેમંતકુમાર શાહ  અમદાવાદના પોલિસ કમિશનરનું લોકશાહી વિરોધી વધુ એક પગલું ચૂંટણી ટાણે જોવા મળ્યું છે.   તા. ૧૬-૦૪-૨૦૨૪ના રોજ તેમણે એક જાહેરનામું બહાર પાડીને ફોજદારી કાર્યવાહી અધિનિયમ-૧૯૭૩ની કલમ-૧૪૪ આખા શહેરમાં લાગુ કરી જણાવ્યું છે કે "કોઈ પણ પ્રચારપ્રસાર રેલી દરમ્યાન કોઈ એ કાળા વાવટા ફરકાવવા નહિ કે ઉશ્કેરણીજનક બેનર કે પ્લે કાર્ડ બતાવવું નહિ અથવા કોઈ વિરોધમાં ઉશ્કેરણીજનક સૂત્રોચ્ચાર કરવો નહિ."

न नौकरियाँ, न पर्याप्त मजदूरी, न राहत: अनौपचारिक श्रमिकों के लिए मोदी की विरासत

- प्रतिनिधि द्वारा  भारत में वास्तविक मज़दूरी 2014-15 के बाद से नहीं बढ़ी है, जबकि देश की जीडीपी जरूर बेहतर हुई है। इस दौरान देश की सामाजिक सुरक्षा व्यवस्था भी थम सी गई है। देश के अनौपचारिक श्रमिकों का जीवन बेहद अनिश्चित है, खासकर झारखंड जैसे राज्यों में जहां अनौपचारिक रोजगार लाखों लोगों की आजीविका का मुख्य स्रोत है।

क्या कांग्रेस का घोषणापत्र मुस्लिम लीग की सोच को प्रतिबिंबित करता है?

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