सीधे मुख्य सामग्री पर जाएं

Gujarat gutter deaths due to asphyxiation: National Human Rights Commission reacts

The National Human Rights Commission report on the death of two safai karmacharis in a gutter due to asphyxiation:
The Commission received a complaint dated 24.11.2022 from Sh. Kantilal U.Parmar, Social Worker, Ahmedabad alleging that two safai karamchari died in a gutter due to gas on 23.11.2022 as they entered in gutter without safety gear. It is negligence of local authority. It is a violation of Gujarat High Court verdict and Supreme Court guidelines. The complainant has requested to book FIR under section 304, 337, 338, and other sections of IPC, Prohibition of employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013. The complainant also requested to provide compensation of Rs 25 lacs each to the dependent of family members.
Though existing regulations and several Supreme Court judgments have prohibited manual cleaning of sewer lines and septic tanks without taking enough safety precautions, still so many workers are dying while undertaking this work and it continues to be an issue of concern. Sewer lines and septic tanks are like death traps. The 2014 Supreme Court judgment prohibits anyone from working in sewers and septic tanks. The Commission has also been emphasizing upon the authorities from time to time to ensure proper arrangements of safety of the workers but the incident of causing threat to human lives are taking place regularly across the country.
The Commission accordingly takes cognizance of the complaint and issues notices to the Chief Secretary, Govt. of Gujarat calling for a detailed report
and on the following within four weeks :-
1. Whether the compensation amount of Rs.10 lakhs each paid to the next of kin of the three deceased persons as per the judgment of Hon. Supreme Court of India.
2. Whether the criminal law process has been set in motion in respect of the incident as required under appropriate sections of the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013.
3. The status of the police enquiry on the incident.
4. The status of action taken against the responsible officers/officials in the incident.
The Chief Secretary, Govt. of Gujrat shall also specifically inform the Commission the steps and measures taken by them on the following directives issued by the Commission in the form of an Advisory dated 24.9.2021 on the subject “Advisory on Protection of Human Rights of the Persons Engaged in Hazardous Cleaning”.
1. Ensuring proper protective gear/safety equipment for sanitary workers:
i. All sanitary workers entering/ cleaning septic tanks/ sewer lines must be provided with helmet, safety jacket, gloves, mask, gumboots, safety eyeglasses, torchlight along with oxygen cylinder. Employers to ensure that no body part of the sanitary worker remains exposed while undertaking hazardous cleaning.
ii. It should be the responsibility of the local authority/ hiring agency to provide all necessary personal protective gear/safety equipment to the sanitary workers irrespective of their type of employment, i.e., permanent, temporary, part-time or contractually hired/engaged.
2. Leveraging the use of suitable and worker-friendly technology and robotic machines:
i. The States/ UTs and local bodies need to invest adequately for use of the latest technology and totally mechanize the cleaning of septic tanks, sewer lines or sewage treatment plants, etc.
ii. Use of duly acknowledged and recognized technological equipment e.g. Bandicoot, Sewer Crocs, KAMJET GR, Mobile septage Treatment Unit (MTU), etc., be encouraged by all stakeholders.
3. Welfare schemes: responsibility and accountability of the hiring agency/employer:
i. The State Government(s)/local bodies should engage sanitary workers formally as required. Only trained workers should be engaged in carrying out hazardous cleaning work. Training program for this may be undertaken, and certificate be provided.
ii. The hiring authority/employer must ensure that all sanitary workers are covered under the Ayushman Bharat Scheme.
4. Fixing the responsibility and accountability of the concerned authorities:
i. In case of death of any sanitary worker while undertaking hazardous cleaning work, the local authority and the contractor/employer are to be held responsible and accountable, jointly and severally, irrespective of the type of hiring/engagement of the sanitary worker.
ii. Considering the risk and technicalities associated with the cleaning of sewer and septic tanks, the local authorities should exclusively take up the responsibility of getting the work done under their direct supervision. If the said work is to be outsourced, it should be given to only those contrac
tors who fulfil the requisite criteria. However, the responsibility of ensuring the safety of the sanitary workers will primarily remain with the local authority.
5. Rehabilitation:
i. Providing one-time cash assistance and credit support is mandatory in accordance with "The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013" (herein after referred as the Act of 2013). However, this should be in addition to access to the livelihood.
6. Access to Justice
i. The Act of 2013 lays down the offences & penalties in Chapter III (Sec 5 to 9) and the role and functions of the implementing authorities in Chap V. The District Magistrates and the authorized officers under Sec 18 to ensure that persons contravening the provisions of Section 5, 6 & 7 of the Act are investigated & prosecuted as per the mandate of Sec 19. Requisite notification under Sec 18 be issued in case it has not been issued.
ii. The State Government to ensure that a sufficient number of Inspectors are appointed as per Sec. 20 of the Act of 2013.
iii. The District Magistrates/ notified Executive Magistrates to ensure expeditious trial of offences in accordance with the provisions ofthe Act of 2013.
iv. As per directive of the Supreme Court in Safai Karamchari Andolan & Ors v. Uol & Ors., WP (Civil) 583/2003, 27th March 2014, entering sewer lines without safety gears be made a crime even in emergency situations.
v. In case of death of such worker, police to promptly register FIR without fail, investigate and take action against the offenders under relevant sections of IPC and for violation of any other law in force.
vi. As held by the Supreme Court in Safai Karamchari Andolan (supra), the families of all persons who have died in sewerage work (manholes, septic tanks, etc.) since 1993 to be identified and awarded compensation of Rs.10 lakhs for each such death to the family members in accordance with the law, and the concerned authority should be held accountable in case of failure on their part in compliance of the same.
vii. Any other crime such as threat, inducement, criminal intimidation, bonded labour, or atrocity under the SC/ ST Act in respect of such work, FIR be registered and investigated in a time bound manner.
viii. A suitable scheme be formulated for providing compensation to the family of victim in the event of accidental death/ injuries that occurs due to fall in potholes/ open manholes/ sewer /septic tanks, etc.
7. Strengthening infrastructure for providing sanitary services:
i. In pursuance of the ODF++ protocol, the necessary steps be taken to ensure that faecal sludge/ septage and sewage is safely managed and treated, with no discharging and/or dumping of untreated faecal sludge/ septage and sewage in drains, water bodies or open areas.



हिंदी आलोचना जैसे पिछड़ चुके अनुशासन की जगह हिंदी वैचारिकी का विकास जरूरी

- प्रमोद रंजन*   भारतीय राजनीति में सांप्रदायिक व प्रतिक्रियावादी ताकतों को सत्ता तक पहुंचाने में हिंदी पट्टी का सबसे बड़ा योगदान है। इसका मुख्य कारण हिंदी-पट्टी में कार्यरत समाजवादी व जनपक्षधर हिरावल दस्ते का विचारहीन, अनैतिक और  प्रतिक्रियावादी होते जाना है। अगर हम उपरोक्त बातों को स्वीकार करते हैं, तो कुछ रोचक निष्कर्ष निकलते हैं। हिंदी-जनता और उसके हिरावल दस्ते को विचारहीन और प्रतिक्रियावादी बनने से रोकने की मुख्य ज़िम्मेदारी किसकी थी?

ગુજરાતના સ્થાપના દિવસે યાદ કરીએ ભારતના વિશ્વપ્રસિદ્ધ ગુજરાતી પુરાતત્વવિદ્ ને

- ગૌરાંગ જાની*  આજે કોઈ ગુજરાતી એ કલ્પના પણ ન કરી શકે કે વર્ષ ૧૮૩૯ માં જૂનાગઢમાં જન્મેલા એક ગુજરાતી વિશ્વ પ્રસિદ્ધ બની શકે! પણ આપણે એ ગુજરાતીને કદાચ વિસરી ગયા છીએ જેમણે ગિરનારના અશોક શિલાલેખને દોઢસો વર્ષ પૂર્વે ઉકેલી આપ્યો.આ વિદ્વાન એટલે ભગવાનલાલ ઈન્દ્રજી. ૭ નવેમ્બર, ૧૮૩૯ ના દિવસે જૂનાગઢના પ્રશ્નોરા નાગર બ્રાહ્મણ પરિવારમાં તેમનો જન્મ થયો હતો. જૂનાગઢના એ સમયે અંગ્રેજી શિક્ષણની સગવડ ન હોવાને કારણે તેમને અંગ્રેજી ભાષાનું જ્ઞાન ન હતું પણ પાછળથી તેમણે ખપ પૂરતું અંગ્રેજી જાણી લીધું હતું.

Under Modi, democracy is regressing and economy is also growing slowly

By Avyaan Sharma*   India is "the largest democracy in the world", but now its democracy is regressing and its economy is also growing slowly. What has PM Modi's ten years in power brought us? Unemployment remains high. Joblessness is particularly high among India's youth - with those aged 15 to 29 making up a staggering 83% of all unemployed people in India, according to the "India Employment Report 2024", published last month by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Institute of Human Development (IHD). The BJP-led government did not provide jobs to two crore youth in a year as was promised by Modi in the run up to the 2014 general elections.

नफरती बातें: मुसलमानों में असुरक्षा का भाव बढ़ रहा है, वे अपने मोहल्लों में सिमट रहे हैं

- राम पुनियानी*  भारत पर पिछले 10 सालों से हिन्दू राष्ट्रवादी भारतीय जनता पार्टी (भाजपा) राज कर रही है. भाजपा आरएसएस परिवार की सदस्य है और आरएसएस का लक्ष्य है हिन्दू राष्ट्र का निर्माण. आरएसएस से जुड़ी सैंकड़ों संस्थाएँ हैं. उसके लाखों, बल्कि शायद, करोड़ों स्वयंसेवक हैं. इसके अलावा कई हजार वरिष्ठ कार्यकर्ता हैं जिन्हें प्रचारक कहा जाता है. भाजपा के सत्ता में आने के बाद से आरएसएस दुगनी गति से हिन्दू राष्ट्र के निर्माण के अपने एजेण्डे को पूरा करने में जुट गया है. यदि भाजपा को चुनावों में लगातार सफलता हासिल हो रही है तो उसका कारण है देश में साम्प्रदायिकता और साम्प्रदायिक मुद्दों का बढ़ता बोलबाला. इनमें से कुछ हैं राम मंदिर, गौमांस और गोवध एवं लव जिहाद. 

Laxmanpur Bathe massacre: Perfect example of proto-fascist Brahmanical social order

By Harsh Thakor  The massacre at Laxmanpur-Bathe of Jehanabad in Bihar on the night of 1 December in 1997 was a landmark event with distinguishing features .The genocide rightly shook the conscience of the nation in the 50th year of Indian independence. The scale of the carnage was unparalleled in any caste massacre. It was a perfect manifestation of how in essence the so called neo-liberal state was in essence most autocratic. 

रैंकिंग: अधिकांश भारतीय विश्वविद्यालयों का स्तर बहुत गिरा, इस साल भी यह गिरवाट जारी

- प्रमोद रंजन*  अप्रैल, 2024 में भारतीय विश्वविद्यालयों की अंतर्राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर उच्च रैंकिंग की चर्चा रही। मीडिया ने इसका उत्सव मनाया। लेकिन स्थिति इसके विपरीत है। वैश्विक विश्वविद्यालय रैंकिग में अच्छा स्थान मिलने की खबरें, कुछ संस्थानों को इक्का-दुक्का विषयों में मिले रैंक के आधार पर चुनिंदा ढंग से प्रकाशित की गईं थीं। वास्तविकता यह है कि हाल के वर्षों में हमारे अधिकांश विश्वविद्यालयों का स्तर बहुत गिर गया है। इस साल भी यह गिरवाट जारी रही है।

प्राचीन भारत के लोकायत संप्रदाय ने कुछ परजीवियों की खूब खबर ली: प्रमुख प्रस्थापनायें

- राणा सिंह   भारत में परजीवियों का एक विशाल समूह है जो बोलता है कि “सब कुछ माया है”,  लेकिन व्यवहार में यह समूह सारी जिंदगी इसी “माया” के पीछे पागल रहता है।  प्राचीन भारत के लोकायत संप्रदाय ने इन परजीवियों की खूब खबर ली थी।

नोएडा में मैन्युअल स्कैवेंजर्स की मौत: परिवारों को मुआवजा नहीं, प्राधिकरण ने एफआईआर नहीं की

- अरुण खोटे, संजीव कुमार*  गत एक सप्ताह में, उत्तर प्रदेश में सीवर/सेप्टि क टैंक सफाई कर्मियों की सफाई के दौरान सेप्टिक टैंक में मौत। 2 मई, 2024 को, लखनऊ के वज़ीरगजं क्षेत्र में एक सेवर लाइन की सफाई करते समय शोब्रान यादव, 56, और उनके पत्रु सशुील यादव, 28, घटुन से हुई मौत। एक और घटना 3 मई 2024 को नोएडा, सेक्टर 26 में एक घर में सेप्टि क टैंक को सफाई करते समय दो सफाई कर्मचर्मारी नूनी मडंल, 36 और कोकन मडंल जिसे तपन मडंल के नाम से जानते हैं, की मौत हो गई। ये सफाई कर्मचर्मारी बंगाल के मालदा जिले के निवासी थे और नोएडा सेक्टर 9 में रहते थे। कोकन मडंल अपनी पत्नी अनीता मडंल के साथ रहते थे। इनके तीन स्कूल जाने वाले बच्चे हैं जो बंगाल में रहते हैं। नूनी मडंल अपनी पत्नी लिलिका मडंल और अपने पत्रु सजुान के साथ किराए पर झग्गी में रहते थे। वे दैनिक मजदरूी और सफाई कर्मचर्मारी के रूप में काम करते थे।

दाँव उल्टा पड़ा: राहुल गांधी के रूप में हम एक साधारण इंसान को नायक होते देख रहे हैं

-  अमिता नीरव  संघ औऱ बीजेपी ने राहुल गाँधी पर जो सोचकर ‘इन्वेस्ट’ किया था, उसके परिणाम गंभीर रूप से नुकसानदेह आ रहे हैं। ये थोड़ी अटपटी बात लग सकती है, लेकिन सोचिएगा कि संघ और बीजेपी ने राहुल गाँधी को जितना गंभीरता से लिया, उनकी संभावनाओं को लेकर वे जितना श्योर थे, उतना तो खुद राहुल और कांग्रेस भी नहीं थी।

बिहार के ऐतिहासिक विक्रमशिला विश्वविद्यालय के खंडहरों की परिक्रमा का रोमांचक अवसर

- सुमन्त शरण  कुछ दिन पहले एक सुदूर ग्रामीण अंचल (पीरपैंती)  से तकरीबन डेढ़-दो घंटे की दूरी पर अवस्थित ऐतिहासिक बौद्ध विक्रमशिला विश्वविद्यालय (के अवशेषों) की परिक्रमा का अवसर मिला। विक्रमशीला विश्वविद्यालय की स्थापना पाल वंश के राजा धर्मपाल ने की थी। 8वीं शताब्दी से 12वीं शताब्दी के अंत तक यह विश्वविद्यालय भारत के प्रमुख शिक्षा केंद्रों में से एक हुआ करता था। कहा जाता है कि यह अपने कुछेक अत्यंत अनूठे नवाचार के चलते उस समय नालंदा विश्वविद्यालय का सबसे बड़ा प्रतिस्पर्धी था। हालांकि, मान्यता यह भी है कि अल्प अवधि के लिए दोनों विश्वविद्यालय के बीच शिक्षण एवं प्रबंधन के क्षेत्रों में घनिष्ठ पारस्परिक संबंध एवं शिक्षकों के आदान-प्रदान का सिलसिला भी रहा था। यह विश्वविद्यालय तंत्रशास्त्र की पढ़ाई के लिए सबसे ज्यादा विख्यात था। इस विषय का एक सबसे विख्यात छात्र अतीसा दीपनकरा था, जो बाद में तिब्बत जाकर बौद्ध हो गया। इसके प्रथम कुलपति ज्ञान अतिस थे।