Skip to main content

Hindu religion seeks to transform mental state to a higher stage, to feeling of bliss

By NS Venkataraman* 

Everything happens in my life without my consent.  I  was born without my consent though, perhaps, with the consent of my parents. I would pass away one day  against my consent.  The limbs  and other parts of my body grow without my consent and steadily decline over the years without my consent.
All is happening,  with myself remaining simply as an observer. The  time that I spend in my life  seem  to be only a time passing exercise, in total ignorance of my origin and end.
Even if I may not be very keen to know from where I came into the world,  certainly I am very keen to know as to where I would go after my passing away.  Perhaps, if I know the destination, there would  be greater clarity of thought   for me and there could be some sort of comfort at the time of leaving. . But, it is not to be.
It is not only me but billions of people around the world during the last thousands of years would have experienced such thought process.
Many of them would have  remained  in confusion on these  questions all the time. Perhaps, most of them might have  felt disturbed by such unclear and frustrating  thought process   and would have tried to move away from such thoughts.

Deep thinkers  and their postulates

However, the deep thinkers,  whom we respectfully  and deservedly hail as sages,   did not  want to give up and they persisted with the investigation on origin and end  of human  life.
These deep thinkers   who  strived  to look for clarity and explanation  on life process   must have  finally concluded that there should be a  “creator”  and “destroyer”, without which this universe  could not happen. With such  idea ,  they must have introspected deeply and then must have arrived at sort of hypothesis  / postulates  that   a “system” or “force” or “order”   should be  hovering  around earth, sea , sun, moon, galaxy of stars and so on.
The  deep thinkers over the last  several generations,  who  continued the thought process relentlessly based on their view that  there should be “ a system “ hovering around  and they , by consensus , must have termed “the system”   with a nomenclature “God” and  declared that this could be the only way of  explaining the  life phenomenon.
With the thought process continuing with sages after sages over several generations,  religions have sprung up recommending a way of life for humans to live with peace and harmony  with faith  on  God.
Obviously, the sages all over the world have contributed  to the development of scriptures and epics ,with illustrations and case studies, which describe their religious thoughts that combine their postulates on origin and  end of  life and their advocacy on the ideal  way of life with  appropriate  disciplined thought process 
Along with the religious doctrines , came the idea of idol worship, hell, heaven, fate, rebirths, predictions and astrology related to movement of stars and so on as a corollary. Such views have stood the test of time , obviously highlighting the fact  that billions of humans  over several generations have accepted these versions  as the best possible way of  explaining and living.

The ardent followers vs atheists

Most people followed the guidelines of religion in the day today life in full or part , as they do not  understand anything better and do not want to  subject the views of the much respected deep thinkers to any scrutiny  in the uncertain situation.   
They unquestioningly accepted the guidelines given by  sages to meditate and introspect and indulge themselves in deep prayers. In other  words, they virtually  surrendered their thought process  to the thought process of  sages.
Individuals try  to follow the  guidelines recommended  by  sages fully or partially.
 In any case, most persons who observe these guidelines even partially  have averred that such prayers enable them to gain sort of peace in the mind and  their sustained and devoted prayers enable them to reconcile themselves to the events happening. The followers think that  prayers enable them to  live in peace with themselves  atleast to some extent.
 Can this  be a psychic feeling?  May be or may not be.
Certainly, those who do not agree with the concept of God  and advocacy of the deep thinkers, who are branded as atheists, are  less thinkers  than the deep thinkers who conceptualised the God.  The atheists have nothing better to offer but   they restrict themselves only to reject the concept of God  and thought process of sages and these atheists  cannot move beyond that. They are negative thinkers.

Further probe of deep thinkers in Hindu religion

Many of the  sages espousing the philosophy of Hindu religion are said to have undergone  state of “Samadhi”, from time to time, with focused thought process or absence of thought process  to realise the truth in the form of consciousness   and anchor themselves in the truth buried in the inner self.
Essentially,  the deep thinkers  who paved the  way for development of Hindu religion have arrived at conclusion that human body is a shell enclosing the soul (jeevatma) and all human endeavour should be towards remaining a pure soul ,that would enable them to  transform the mental state to a higher level by prayers and meditation to  realise a feeling of   bliss  (Ananda)  in the mind set. 

The concept of soul  in Hindu religion

Is it then that  sages  of Hindu religion could go only so much and not beyond to explain from where would the soul (jeevatma) come with the human body when one would be born and go away with the human body when one would pass away?   
In the Hindu scripture  Kathopanishad, it is said that when Nachiketa questioned Yamadharma   about the death   process, Yamadharma  tried to dissuade Nachiketa from such thought and told him that   this would be a mystery even for rishis  ( sages). On persistent questioning by Nachiketa, Yamadharma spoke about the individual soul (jeevatma)  and  paramatma (the ultimate).
As per the sayings  of Yamadharma , the soul would  never  be born nor would  die. Soul would be beyond cause and effect. While  the body dies, the soul does not die. It is necessary to discriminate the soul from the body, which is the seat  of desire. After death, it is the soul that remains.
The Hindu scriptures evolved by the  sages over the years echo the above saying of Yamadharma  and  say that the soul   would be indestructible  with no origin and end. This virtually mean that universe has no beginning  or end. The  Hindu sages   essentially said that soul in individuals  (jeevatma)  and the ultimate (paramatma) have to merge  when the result would be mental bliss (Ananda) for the individual human
It was further pointed out that  such  bliss   (Ananda) is different from the so called happiness which is a result of materialistic pursuits. Ananda is beyond such mental happiness.

Soul and its eternity

How to rationally explain the view  that soul has no birth or death and it is eternal?
The Hindu  sages  concluded  that such concept  of soul is beyond  the human understanding and thought process capability of individual humans. 
The Hindu scriptures pronounce “Om tat sat” .  "Om tat sat" represents the manifestation of absolute reality, which is God. This is the final conclusion of  Hindu religion.
According to the sages, the  above  postulate can be  understood and feeling of bliss ( Ananda )  can be realised . only by attaining  a mental state that has no attachment to any aspect of life, whether hate or love.
The basic  question is how many humans can achieve such mental state and realise the significance of the concept “Om tat sat”?
What happen to others who cannot attain such mental state to realise the bliss (Ananda) ?  The Hindu  scriptures say that such humans would be born and die again and again until the absolute state of mind is realised.
Now, all these above postulates are “brain breaking”.
Hindu religion concludes that let it be left at that and there is no alternative way or path. Let not the human brain break over this concept of eternity of soul. Hindu scriptures conclusively say that the concept of  soul cannot be for dialogue and debate  and has to be only realised.
What happen to the deep thinkers?
The deep thinkers (sages) who have paved way for  evolution of religion also pass away one day due to natural or unnatural causes.  While these deep thinkers are much respected and most common  people consider them as superior, finally it is seen that they  also pass away in no way different from the other humans. 
In any case, most  of the sages who pass away like anyone else are respected as “avatars”   (reincarnation of God)   and worshipped    by the followers and disciples  and over the years,  they themselves get the image of God, adding to the number.
This make one  wonder whether the deep thinkers ( sages ) should be hailed and respected as  profound researchers and  as  much more determined deep thinkers than other humans.

Hindu religion stand apart

There are   different  religions being practiced in the world today  and all of them insist that humans should  surrender themselves at  the feet of God and all religions have   laid down guidelines   for humans to  lead  a life of high ethical and moral standards.
Hindu religion has evolved over thousands of years by several generations  of deep thinkers  and Hindu  religion has no founder  as such.  This is so, while other religions definitely have a founder who developed and propagated the philosophy of the religion.
While Hindu religion attempts to go to the deepest possible level to explain the concept of life and origin and end  process and have recommended methods to `realise mental bliss' (Ananda)    which amount to  realisation of God, other religions seem to confine themselves largely to recommend a way of life for humans and the concept of God  is emphasised as the ultimate goal.
In this scenario, Hindu religion certainly stand apart, as it  explain in a way where the concept of Jeevatma and Paramatma become the basis of such explanation.  In short , it appears the depth of explanation of  Hindu religion is unique.

Believe, believe, believe

Over the past thousands of years, billions of men and women  were born in the world and then faded away with the body being buried or burnt.
Really,  the thought process of humans to understand the life process  over last thousands of years has now reached a saturation point .
 While huge developments have taken place in the field of science and technology bringing significant change in the materialistic world, science and technology also have come to a halt, while finding an explanation with regard to the existence of  “ultimate force” or “ultimate system”. All technology changes have taken place only  within the  gambit of the natural law, in other words,  the law represented by “ the ultimate force “.
There is no need to search further. Simply accept whatever the sages have said  and move on with the life process in the   way suggested.
Deep thinkers are bound to be born in the future also. Not sure, whether the future deep thinkers can arrive at any better postulate.
*Trustee, Nandini Voice For The Deprived, Chennai



देशव्यापी ग्रामीण भारत बंध में उतरे मध्य प्रदेश के आदिवासी, किया केंद्र सरकार का विरोध

- हरसिंग जमरे, भिखला सोलंकी, रतन अलावे*  15 और 16 फरवरी को निमाड के बड़वानी, खरगोन और बुरहानपुर में जागृत आदिवासी दलित संगठन के नेतृत्व में आदिवासी महिला-पुरुषों ग्रामीण भारत बंद में रैली एवं विरोध प्रदर्शन किया । प्रधान मंत्री द्वारा 2014 में फसलों की लागत का डेढ़ गुना भाव देने का वादा किया गया था, 2016 में किसानों की आय दुगना करने का वादा किया गया था । आज, फसलों का दाम नहीं बढ़ रहा है, लेकिन खेती में खर्च बढ़ता जा रहा है! खाद, बीज और दवाइयों का दाम, तीन-चार गुना बढ़ चुका है! किसानों को लागत का डेढ़ गुना भाव देने के बजाए, खेती को कंपनियों के हवाले करने के लिए 3 काले कृषि कानून लाए गए । 3 काले कानून वापस लेते समय प्रधान मंत्री ने फिर वादा किया था कि फसलों की लागत का डेढ़ गुना भाव की कानूनी गारंटी के लिए कानून बनाएँगे, लेकिन वो भी झूठ निकला! आज जब देश के किसान दिल्ली में आपको अपना वादा याद दिलाने आए है, तब आप उनका रास्ता रोक रहें है, उनके साथ मारपीट कर उन पर आँसू गैस फेंक रहें हैं, उन पर छर्रों से फायरिंग कर रहें है! देश को खिलाने वाला किसान खुद भूखा रहे, क्या यही विकास है?

Only 15% businesses provide employees real-time sustainability dashboards: Study

Kyndryl in collaboration with Microsoft has released the findings of The Global Sustainability Barometer study. The study, conducted by Ecosystm, finds that while 85% of organizations place a high strategic level of importance on achieving their sustainability goals, only 16% have integrated sustainability into their strategies and data. A Kyndryl note: *** Kyndryl (NYSE: KD), the world’s largest IT infrastructure services provider, in collaboration with Microsoft , today released the findings of The Global Sustainability Barometer study. The study, conducted by Ecosystm , finds that while 85% of organizations place a high strategic level of importance on achieving their sustainability goals, only 16% have integrated sustainability into their strategies and data.

How the slogan Jai Bhim gained momentum as movement of popularity and revolution

By Dr Kapilendra Das*  India is an incomprehensible plural country loaded with diversities of religions, castes, cultures, languages, dialects, tribes, societies, costumes, etc. The Indians have good manners/etiquette (decent social conduct, gesture, courtesy, politeness) that build healthy relationships and take them ahead to life. In many parts of India, in many situations, and on formal occasions, it is common for people of India to express and exchange respect, greetings, and salutation for which we people usually use words and phrases like- Namaskar, Namaste, Pranam, Ram Ram, Jai Ram ji, Jai Sriram, Good morning, shubha sakal, Radhe Radhe, Jai Bajarangabali, Jai Gopal, Jai Jai, Supravat, Good night, Shuvaratri, Jai Bhole, Salaam walekam, Walekam salaam, Radhaswami, Namo Buddhaya, Jai Bhim, Hello, and so on.

Violent incidents in Haldwani: CPDRS on dubious role of Uttarakhand government

By DN Rath  Center for Democratic Rights and Secularism (CPDRS) unequivocally condemns the dubious role of Uttarakhand Government and its administration in the incidents that happened in Haldwani of Nanital district of the state.

Tamil Nadu brahmins are at cross roads, their future scenario remains uncertain

By NS Venkataraman*  For over 70 years now, brahmin community in Tamil Nadu have been abused, insulted and even physically attacked on some occasions by those who claimed that they were part of the so called dravidian movement. However, brahmin community silently and helplessly ducked under pressure and showed no signs of resistance or fight back.

Ethiopian ruling classes, political masters in West have their hands soaked in blood

By Harsh Thakor  Over two hundred were killed in recent weeks in Ethiopia’s Oromia and Amhara region. After peace-talks between the Oromo Liberation Army and the Ethiopian government did not materialise tensions are escalating in the Oromia region. Earlier, on November 22, least 25 civilians were massacred in a government aerial drone strike, in Chawaka districts of the Buno Bedelle zone. This incident took place only two days after a fierce battle arose between the OLA and governmental troops in the Sulula Fincha district of the Horro Guduru Wollega zone.

Soviet army crossed rarely transcended barriers in Leningrad to overpower Nazis

By Harsh Thakor  St Petersburg -- previously Leningrad -- has been commemorating the 80th anniversary of its complete liberation from the Nazis and the conclusion of one of the most brutal sieges in history. 80 years ago, a spectacular turn of events in Leningrad played major role in shaping the destiny or determining the path of the Great Patriotic War.

Regretful: Kapil Dev retired not leaving Indian cricket with integrity he upheld

By Harsh Thakor  Kapil Dev scaled heights as an entertainer and a player upholding the spirit of the game almost unparalleled in his era. In his time he was cricket’s ultimate mascot of sportsmanship On his day Kapil could dazzle in all departments to turn the tempo of game in the manner of a Tsunami breaking in. He radiated r energy, at a level rarely scaled in his era on a cricket field. Few ever blended aggression with artistry so comprehenisively. Although fast medium, he could be as daunting with the ball as the very best, with his crafty outswinger, offcutter, slower ball and ball that kicked from a good length. Inspite of bowling on docile tracks on the subcontinent, Kapil had 434 scalps, with virtually no assistance. I can never forget how he obtained pace and movement on flat pancakes, trapping the great Vivian Richards in Front or getting Geoff Boycott or Zaheer Abbas caught behind. No paceman carried the workload of his team’s bowling attack on his shoulders in his eras muc

Landlords' armed bandits launched merciless attack in Brazil but face resistance

By Harsh Thakor  Armed bandits called the “zero invasion movement” comprising of landowners, gunmen and police marched into   Bahia with support from the PM [Military Police]. On January 21st, indigenous Maria de Fátima Muniz, known as Nega Pataxó, shaman of the Pataxó Hã-Hã-Hãe people, was shot dead in the Caramuru Catarina Paraguassu Indigenous Land and chief Nailton Muniz was seriously injured by gunshots, as were others indigenous people during an attack by the notorious  paramilitary group.

Landslide early warning system: Odisha Govt, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham collaborate

By Divya Saini  In a strategic move to mitigate the impact of landslides during storms, the Odisha government in collaboration with Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham is gearing up to establish a user-friendly Landslide Early Warning System (EWS) in Gajapati district. This initiative aims to provide advanced information, especially regarding landslides caused by disturbances in the natural stability of a slope.