Skip to main content

Human mobility and migration conceived as inherent dimension of human life


By IMPRI Team
#IMPRI Center for Work and Welfare (CWW), IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute, New Delhi, organized a book discussion on “Home, Belonging and Memory in Migration: Leaving and Living” – #WebPolicyTalk.
Dr Sadan Jha (Associate Professor), Centre for Social Studies, Surat and Prof Pushpendra (Professor), Mumbai Campus, and, Chairperson, Centre for Development Practice and Research, Patna, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) were the editor and speaker for the discussion. The distinguished panel included Prof Anjali Gera Roy (Professor), Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur; Dr Deepra Dandekar (Research Fellow), India, Indian Ocean, Contested Religion, Leibniz-Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin and Prof Dilip Menon (Director), Centre for Indian Studies in Africa, and, Mellon Chair in Indian Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. The discussants included Dr Asha Singh (Assistant Professor in Gender Studies), Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta and Dr Swati Mantri, Social Researcher, Sociologist and Social Anthropologist. Prof Prabhu Mohapatra, Department of History, University of Delhi was the Chair for the event.
Prof Prabhu began the discussion by expressing how beautiful and fantastic the book is, he also appreciated the book being launched at an appropriate time – when migration is vulnerable, ambiguous and resistant. He stated how ‘notion of belonging’ comes into picture through this book. During pandemic reverse migration bought two things into light one i.e. migration is a sense of loss(unbelonging) and other desire to belong to place other than home.
He talked about the transcending of boundaries is a great achievement but can’t rest at this level. Also, mentioned the intertwining of social realties of objective structure with subjective experience. Prof. Prabhu was also fascinated by the idea of migration making villages in one of the articles in the book. He also talked about the ‘notion of simultaneity’ mentioned in article related to Konkan. He stated that migration studies are more of temporal phenomenon rather than in a spatial sense. Lastly, he raised questions about the political implications of migration and the biological diversion of migration.
He started the discussion by highlighting how this book acts as a mix of selective papers. He stated that this book connects home, belonging and memory by delving deep into migrant subject wise. He highlighted how this book doesn’t romanticize the idea of belonging. He discussed about the awareness of the risk of normalizing migration. He also talked about the fact that migration can’t be treated as near objects that are devoid of sociality and subjectivity. Prof Pushpendra also stated the dis-migrantization and migrantization of research culture initiating a process of normalization. He questioned the figure of migration as a modern conception. He stated the making of migration subjectivity as complex. He talked how scholars have hardly paid attention to belongingness of labour migrants. Lastly, he states that book addresses the complicated relationship between belonging and identity.
Dr Sadan begins by talking about simultaneity in each paper about spaces which they thought were natural. He talks about politics as series of intervention. Dr Sadan talks emphasized upon the centrality of migration in making of society. He talks about avoiding integration which primarily pushes migration to acquire a label of others. He also addresses the humble attempts made by them to fly issues related to migration in terms of ambiguity, fluidity and fixed meaning.
Prof Anjali began by stressing upon no rom for non-elite migrants. She stated this book as an eye-opener which brought in new narratives and perspectives ranging from gender, caste, ethnicity etc. Though she bought into picture the fact that no specific relation or connection between internal and international migration. She states how this book focuses on different categories of migrants, variety of migrants and apart from these the presence of both qualitative and quantitative data analysis makes it worth reading. She stresses upon question like notion of original home, nostalgia for home or how strong the connection with original home is or even for refugees for whom original home doesn’t bring ack happy memories. Prof Anjali talks about layers of home and the nostalgia attached with living and leaving place. She also brought into picture and discussed the importance of folk music in expressing belonging to home. Lastly, she ended with questioning the fact that homes can co-exist.
Dr Deepra began by stating this book as correctly grounded textbook. She states the attachment to physical soil is like memory ownership or emotional ownership feelings. She also highlights – out migration can also be desired by few individuals which breaks the attachment cycle in a recyclable form for them in stages. She also stated that migrants build financial networks for those left behind and gain social status at home increasing their decision-making power. Dr Deepra highlights the migrant problem at global level as a gender issue with unwanted bags of rural and uncivilised hypermasculinity. She states how women gets dependent while male migrants get visible as leaders even if women contribute equally through informal labour migration. She later discussed about the partition migrants and exposure to migrants in form of songs or words like Pardesi. Dr Deepra talks about married women migrants whether in today’s time or during Lord Rama’s time. She states homelessness feeling constitutes a powerful political discourse about emotions. She ended by stating that migration emotions are political emotions.
Prof Dilip began by expressing his views on how excellent this book is which caters as a resource as well as a pointer for new direction. He began by stating human being as a state of motion. He mentioned the few movers in last decade like Sri Lankan, Tamil and recent ones like the Ukrainian people or covid migrants and asks to see them as normal thing. He also expresses the role of folk music and monsoon in migration as rhythm of labour. He emphasized upon ‘Roots and Routes’ has hidden laziness and talks how migration is inclusive of humans, plants and animals. He praises the book for mentioning the words for migrants such as Banjara, Pardesi etc. He also stresses upon the question of why people migrate and what are the push and pull factors. He questions the fact that whether in India we can talk about society at all. Prof Dilip also talks about discourse for citizenship by refugees. He also discusses about affect and subjectivity and unresolved political theory. Lastly, he questions when the question would stop related to where you come from or when would migration stop at all.
Dr Asha began by expressing how enriched her paper is and later talks about the migration literacy for women in Bhojpuri folk music. She talks about the human mobility and migration conceive as an ordinary and inherent dimension of human life. She stresses upon the fact that migration isn’t any event but a constant tussle between migration agencies and larger process. She talks about identity and belonging expressed in various papers whether it is women migration, education migration or marriage migration. She also discusses ‘politics of criminalizing migrants’ in one of the articles of book as beautiful. Lastly, she stresses on unravelling possibilities f feeling of home in spaces of both living and leaving.
Dr Swati began by expressing the multi-vectorial idea of migration as a gradient concept and also talked about the spatial concepts related to migration as dynamic. She highlighted the inter-generational dominant structure within the family as different people have different concepts of where home is. Dr Swati also talks about the correlation between migration, and mobility not about stepping out of a geographical location but being about stepping up. Lastly, she talked about cultural transformation as a motivating factor.

Acknowledgement: Sunishtha Yadav is a research intern at IMPRI

Comments

TRENDING

Sorry state of Indian academics: why was I thrown out of Delhi varsity interview room?

By Dr. Abhay Kumar*  The interview for the post of political science (Guest) was scheduled on Saturday afternoon, September 10, 2022. Given my previous experience, I was not willing to appear for it. But friends persuaded me to go and fight for our rights. I reached the college well before the time. When my turn came and I entered the room. The first question was asked about my experience. I said that I had taught for four semesters at NCWEB. I mentioned that I had taught ”Comparative politics”, “International Relations”, “Comparative Political Thoughts” and “Indian Government and Politics”. I said that as a teacher I had taught all the articles listed in the syllabus of the same Delhi University and the expert could ask anything about any reading or ideas. Friends, the first question asked by a female member, perhaps she is the principal of the college if I am not wrong, to give the full form of NCWEB! The second question asked by a male expert, perhaps he is the political science dep

Musician and follower of Dr Ambedkar? A top voilinist has this rare combination!

Some time back, a human rights defender, Vidya Bhushan Rawat, who frequently writes for Counterview, forwarded to me a video interview with Guru Prabhakar Dhakade, calling him one of India's well known violinists.  Dhakade is based in Nagpur and has devoted his life for the Hindustani classical music. A number of his disciples have now been part of Hindi cinema world in Mumbai, says Rawat. He has performed live in various parts of the country as well as abroad. What however attracted me was Dhakade's assertions in video about Dr BR Ambedkar, India's undisputed Dalit icon. Recorded several years back at his residence and music school in Nagpur, Dhakade not only speaks candidly about issues he faced, but that he is a believer in Dr Ambedkar's philosophy. It is in this context that Dhakade narrates his problems, even as stating that he is determined to achieve his goal. A violinist and a follower of Ambedkar? This was new to me. Rarely do musicians are found to take a

Tokens, symbols or incipient feminists? : First generation women sociologists in India

By IMPRI Team  The online event on the theme ‘Tokens, Symbols or Incipient Feminists? : The first Generation of Women Sociologists in India’ was held as an initiative of Gender Impact Studies Center (GISC), IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute, New Delhi under the #WebPolicyTalk series of The State of Gender Equality – #GenderGaps. Inaugurating the session, Zubiya Moin welcomed the speaker and participants to the program, followed by an introduction to the eminent panelists. Commencing the program, Prof Vibhuti Patel made her opening remarks welcoming Prof Kamla Ganesh, Feminist Sociologists and then greeted Prof Ratna Naidu and the editors of book ‘Reimaging Sociology in India: Feminist Perspective’, Dr Gita Chadha and Dr. Joseph M.T. along with Prof Arvinder Ansari and also welcomed all participants. She set up the stage by making us familiar with women sociologists and their works. Dr Gita Chadha, Editor of the book ‘Reimaging Sociology in India: Feminist Perspective’ After th

Omission of duty by BSF and police: Hindu forcefully kidnapped, taken to Bangladesh

Kirity Roy, Secretary, Banglar Manabadhikar Suraksha Mancha (MASUM), & National Convenor, Programme Against Custodial Torture & Impunity (PACTI) writes to the Chairman, National Human Rights Commission: *** I am writing this to focus on the life and situation of the poor and marginalized villagers living alongside the Indo-Bangladesh border of West Bengal. Through the several complaints we made throughout the years to your good office, it is now evident that the people of this border are living in an acute crisis, not only from a financial perspective but also in terrible distress. The people of the border are devoid of their basic rights and are subjected to immense torture, harassment and restrictions mostly enacted by the Border Security Force personnel, who are supposed to be posted at the international borders with intentions to protect the Indian citizenry. However, on the contrary, incidents of victimizing Indian citizens are being witnessed at large by the BSF. 130 Bhot

Tamil Nadu govt claiming to reform Hindu religion, temples. People deserve better

By NS Venkataraman  For the last several decades, there have been hate campaign against Hinduism in Tamil Nadu in a subtle or not so subtle manner. Initially, it was a hate campaign against brahmins and the brahmins were abused, insulted and physically attacked. Fearing such conditions, many brahmin families left Tamil Nadu to settle down in other states in India or have gone abroad. Now, the brahmin population in Tamil Nadu is at microscopic level, for which these hate campaigners against brahmins were responsible. Later on, emboldened by the scenario of scared brahmin families not resisting and running away, the hate campaigners started focusing on Hindus. For some years, when M.G.Ramachandran and Jayalalitha were the chief ministers of the state, the hate Hindu campaigners were not much heard, as both these chief ministers were staunch believers in Hindu philosophy and have been offering prayers in temples in full public view. However, in the last eighteen months in

Emerging dimensions of India’s foreign policy in the context of global politics

By IMPRI Team  The three-day course took place recently, providing participants with an understanding of the development of Indian foreign policy, the complexity of geopolitics, and its flexibility to adjust to and even shape global outcomes. Many distinguished academics, senior scholars, former Indian diplomats, and journalists who are skilled observers and commentators of India’s foreign policy will serve as instructors for this course. Day 1 The three-day immersive online certificate training on “Emerging Dimensions of India’s Foreign Policy and Global Politics”, an initiative by the Center for International Relations and Strategic Studies (CIRSS) at IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute (IMPRI), began on July 14th, 2022 at 5:00 PM (IST) on Zoom platform. Dr Souravie Ghimiray served as the emcee throughout the 3 days of the event and welcomed the distinguished speakers of Day 1. The esteemed panel on Day 1 consisted of, Dr Soumita Basu, Associate Professor, Department of Intern

Demographic parameters of India@75: resource allocation, political representation

By IMPRI Team  As per UN Population Prospects 2022, India is going to be the most populous country in the world. In this regard, IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute, New Delhi with #IMPRI Center for Human Dignity and Development (CHDD) , organized a panel discussion, #WebPolicyTalk, as part of the series The State of Population Development- #PopulationAnd Development on India@75: Most Populous Country? The moderator of the event was Mr Devender Singh, Global Studies Programme, University of Freiburg and a Visiting Senior Fellow at IMPRI. The panellists for the event were Prof P.M Kulkarni, Demographer, Retired Professor of Population Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University(JNU) , New Delhi; Dr U.V Somayajulu, Co-Founder, CEO and Executive Director, Sigma Research and Consulting ; Dr Sonia George, General Secretary, Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA), Kerala; Prof K.S James, Director and Senior Professor, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai. Th

Bhagawat Gita shows the way for the attitude to life and desirable goal of life

By NS Venkataraman*  When a mother delivers a human body, this body has no identity. Then, parents, relatives, friends consult each other and discuss the alternate appropriate names and arrive at a suitable name for this human body and this body is known and identified by this name. This human body, which steadily grow just like animals, plants and others and after experiencing the pleasures and pains of worldly life alternately for several years, perish one day, for the body to be burnt or buried. This body, bearing a name as it’s identity, comes in to the world and goes away from the world and the name that is the identity for the body also goes away along with the body. This is the scenario for several thousands of years that have gone by. The question: One question that does not seem to be still “convincingly explained” in a way that will appeal to the brain in the human body, is as to whether this human body only consists of flesh, bone and blood with well

Implementing misleading govt order to pollute Hyderabad's 100 year old reservoirs

Senior activists* represent to the Telangana Governor on GO Ms 69 dated 12.4.2022 issued by the Municipal Administration and Urban Development (MA&UD), Government of Telangana: ‘...restrictions imposed under para 3 of said GO Ms 111 dated 8.3.1996 are removed...’: *** Ref: GO Ms 111 dated 8.3.1996: ‘To prohibit polluting industries, major hotels, residential colonies or other establishments that generate pollution in the catchment of the lakes upto 10kms from full tank level as per list in Annexure-I...’ We come to your office with grievance that GO Ms 69 dated 12.4.2022 issued by Government of Telangana not only contains false information issued ‘By Order and in the name of the Governor of Telangana’ , without any scientific or expert reports, but also that implementation of the said GO is detrimental and can be catastrophic to the Hyderabad city as two 100 year old reservoirs Osman Sagar and Himayath Sagar were constructed as dams on river Moosa and river Esa, with the first and

Tattoos and intimidating gestures can't always win cricket matches for India

By Sudhansu R Das  Team India waited with baited breath for the outcome of the Pakistan vs Afghanistan match. Speculation was on about India’s return to the game if Pakistan loses to Afghanistan until Pakistan’s tailender, Naseem hit two massive sixes to win the match for Pakistan. Unfortunately, Afghanistan lost the match after being in a strong position till the last over of the game; two full touch balls in the final over turned the match into Pakistan side. The Afghanistan team would never forget this blunder and shock for a long time. India’s team management should introspect and take tough decision keeping in view of the tough match situation in the world cup matches. India lost two crucial matches in the Asia Cup. It could not defend a big total of 176 against Pakistan due to mediocre bowling attack, sloppy fielding and unimaginative captainship. It failed against Sri Lanka in similar fashion; it could not defend another respectable T 20 total of 171 runs. It was a pat