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Human mobility and migration conceived as inherent dimension of human life


By IMPRI Team
#IMPRI Center for Work and Welfare (CWW), IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute, New Delhi, organized a book discussion on “Home, Belonging and Memory in Migration: Leaving and Living” – #WebPolicyTalk.
Dr Sadan Jha (Associate Professor), Centre for Social Studies, Surat and Prof Pushpendra (Professor), Mumbai Campus, and, Chairperson, Centre for Development Practice and Research, Patna, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) were the editor and speaker for the discussion. The distinguished panel included Prof Anjali Gera Roy (Professor), Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur; Dr Deepra Dandekar (Research Fellow), India, Indian Ocean, Contested Religion, Leibniz-Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin and Prof Dilip Menon (Director), Centre for Indian Studies in Africa, and, Mellon Chair in Indian Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. The discussants included Dr Asha Singh (Assistant Professor in Gender Studies), Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta and Dr Swati Mantri, Social Researcher, Sociologist and Social Anthropologist. Prof Prabhu Mohapatra, Department of History, University of Delhi was the Chair for the event.
Prof Prabhu began the discussion by expressing how beautiful and fantastic the book is, he also appreciated the book being launched at an appropriate time – when migration is vulnerable, ambiguous and resistant. He stated how ‘notion of belonging’ comes into picture through this book. During pandemic reverse migration bought two things into light one i.e. migration is a sense of loss(unbelonging) and other desire to belong to place other than home.
He talked about the transcending of boundaries is a great achievement but can’t rest at this level. Also, mentioned the intertwining of social realties of objective structure with subjective experience. Prof. Prabhu was also fascinated by the idea of migration making villages in one of the articles in the book. He also talked about the ‘notion of simultaneity’ mentioned in article related to Konkan. He stated that migration studies are more of temporal phenomenon rather than in a spatial sense. Lastly, he raised questions about the political implications of migration and the biological diversion of migration.
He started the discussion by highlighting how this book acts as a mix of selective papers. He stated that this book connects home, belonging and memory by delving deep into migrant subject wise. He highlighted how this book doesn’t romanticize the idea of belonging. He discussed about the awareness of the risk of normalizing migration. He also talked about the fact that migration can’t be treated as near objects that are devoid of sociality and subjectivity. Prof Pushpendra also stated the dis-migrantization and migrantization of research culture initiating a process of normalization. He questioned the figure of migration as a modern conception. He stated the making of migration subjectivity as complex. He talked how scholars have hardly paid attention to belongingness of labour migrants. Lastly, he states that book addresses the complicated relationship between belonging and identity.
Dr Sadan begins by talking about simultaneity in each paper about spaces which they thought were natural. He talks about politics as series of intervention. Dr Sadan talks emphasized upon the centrality of migration in making of society. He talks about avoiding integration which primarily pushes migration to acquire a label of others. He also addresses the humble attempts made by them to fly issues related to migration in terms of ambiguity, fluidity and fixed meaning.
Prof Anjali began by stressing upon no rom for non-elite migrants. She stated this book as an eye-opener which brought in new narratives and perspectives ranging from gender, caste, ethnicity etc. Though she bought into picture the fact that no specific relation or connection between internal and international migration. She states how this book focuses on different categories of migrants, variety of migrants and apart from these the presence of both qualitative and quantitative data analysis makes it worth reading. She stresses upon question like notion of original home, nostalgia for home or how strong the connection with original home is or even for refugees for whom original home doesn’t bring ack happy memories. Prof Anjali talks about layers of home and the nostalgia attached with living and leaving place. She also brought into picture and discussed the importance of folk music in expressing belonging to home. Lastly, she ended with questioning the fact that homes can co-exist.
Dr Deepra began by stating this book as correctly grounded textbook. She states the attachment to physical soil is like memory ownership or emotional ownership feelings. She also highlights – out migration can also be desired by few individuals which breaks the attachment cycle in a recyclable form for them in stages. She also stated that migrants build financial networks for those left behind and gain social status at home increasing their decision-making power. Dr Deepra highlights the migrant problem at global level as a gender issue with unwanted bags of rural and uncivilised hypermasculinity. She states how women gets dependent while male migrants get visible as leaders even if women contribute equally through informal labour migration. She later discussed about the partition migrants and exposure to migrants in form of songs or words like Pardesi. Dr Deepra talks about married women migrants whether in today’s time or during Lord Rama’s time. She states homelessness feeling constitutes a powerful political discourse about emotions. She ended by stating that migration emotions are political emotions.
Prof Dilip began by expressing his views on how excellent this book is which caters as a resource as well as a pointer for new direction. He began by stating human being as a state of motion. He mentioned the few movers in last decade like Sri Lankan, Tamil and recent ones like the Ukrainian people or covid migrants and asks to see them as normal thing. He also expresses the role of folk music and monsoon in migration as rhythm of labour. He emphasized upon ‘Roots and Routes’ has hidden laziness and talks how migration is inclusive of humans, plants and animals. He praises the book for mentioning the words for migrants such as Banjara, Pardesi etc. He also stresses upon the question of why people migrate and what are the push and pull factors. He questions the fact that whether in India we can talk about society at all. Prof Dilip also talks about discourse for citizenship by refugees. He also discusses about affect and subjectivity and unresolved political theory. Lastly, he questions when the question would stop related to where you come from or when would migration stop at all.
Dr Asha began by expressing how enriched her paper is and later talks about the migration literacy for women in Bhojpuri folk music. She talks about the human mobility and migration conceive as an ordinary and inherent dimension of human life. She stresses upon the fact that migration isn’t any event but a constant tussle between migration agencies and larger process. She talks about identity and belonging expressed in various papers whether it is women migration, education migration or marriage migration. She also discusses ‘politics of criminalizing migrants’ in one of the articles of book as beautiful. Lastly, she stresses on unravelling possibilities f feeling of home in spaces of both living and leaving.
Dr Swati began by expressing the multi-vectorial idea of migration as a gradient concept and also talked about the spatial concepts related to migration as dynamic. She highlighted the inter-generational dominant structure within the family as different people have different concepts of where home is. Dr Swati also talks about the correlation between migration, and mobility not about stepping out of a geographical location but being about stepping up. Lastly, she talked about cultural transformation as a motivating factor.

Acknowledgement: Sunishtha Yadav is a research intern at IMPRI

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- राम पुनियानी*  भारत पर पिछले 10 सालों से हिन्दू राष्ट्रवादी भारतीय जनता पार्टी (भाजपा) राज कर रही है. भाजपा आरएसएस परिवार की सदस्य है और आरएसएस का लक्ष्य है हिन्दू राष्ट्र का निर्माण. आरएसएस से जुड़ी सैंकड़ों संस्थाएँ हैं. उसके लाखों, बल्कि शायद, करोड़ों स्वयंसेवक हैं. इसके अलावा कई हजार वरिष्ठ कार्यकर्ता हैं जिन्हें प्रचारक कहा जाता है. भाजपा के सत्ता में आने के बाद से आरएसएस दुगनी गति से हिन्दू राष्ट्र के निर्माण के अपने एजेण्डे को पूरा करने में जुट गया है. यदि भाजपा को चुनावों में लगातार सफलता हासिल हो रही है तो उसका कारण है देश में साम्प्रदायिकता और साम्प्रदायिक मुद्दों का बढ़ता बोलबाला. इनमें से कुछ हैं राम मंदिर, गौमांस और गोवध एवं लव जिहाद. 

देशव्यापी ग्रामीण भारत बंध में उतरे मध्य प्रदेश के आदिवासी, किया केंद्र सरकार का विरोध

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How the slogan Jai Bhim gained momentum as movement of popularity and revolution

By Dr Kapilendra Das*  India is an incomprehensible plural country loaded with diversities of religions, castes, cultures, languages, dialects, tribes, societies, costumes, etc. The Indians have good manners/etiquette (decent social conduct, gesture, courtesy, politeness) that build healthy relationships and take them ahead to life. In many parts of India, in many situations, and on formal occasions, it is common for people of India to express and exchange respect, greetings, and salutation for which we people usually use words and phrases like- Namaskar, Namaste, Pranam, Ram Ram, Jai Ram ji, Jai Sriram, Good morning, shubha sakal, Radhe Radhe, Jai Bajarangabali, Jai Gopal, Jai Jai, Supravat, Good night, Shuvaratri, Jai Bhole, Salaam walekam, Walekam salaam, Radhaswami, Namo Buddhaya, Jai Bhim, Hello, and so on.

રામનવમીના દિવસે મુસ્લિમ ધાર્મિક સ્થળો અને વિસ્તારોને અસામાજિક તત્વોથી રક્ષણ આપવી

- મુજાહિદ નફીસ*  પોલિસ મહાનિદેશક, ગુજરાત, ને આવનારા રામનવમીના તહેવારમાં નીકળતા જુલૂસમાં આવતા અસામાજિક તત્વોથી મુસ્લિમ ધાર્મિક સ્થળો અને મુસ્લિમ વિસ્તારોના રક્ષણ બાબત પત્ર:  આપ જાણો છો કે આવનારી 17મી એપ્રિલ ના રોજ રામનવમીનો તહેવાર છે. પાછલા વર્ષોના અનુભવ દ્વારા આપણે જાણીએ છીએ કે હિન્દુ ધાર્મિક તહેવારો મુસ્લિમોને હેરાન કરવા અને તેમના ધાર્મિક સ્થળો તેમજ દુકાનો મકાનોને નુકસાન કરવા માટેના માધ્યમ બની ગયા છે. 

सुप्रीम कोर्ट का चिकित्सा की दुनिया में बाबाओं की मनमानी को रोकने का प्रयास सराहनीय

- राम पुनियानी*  पिछले कुछ दशकों में भारत में कई बाबाओं का उदय हुआ है. इसके पहले भी बाबा हुआ करते थे मगर इन दिनों बाबाओं का जितना राजनैतिक और सामाजिक दबदबा है, उतना पहले शायद कभी नहीं रहा. कई बाबा अनेक तरह के काले कामों में लिप्त भी पाए गए हैं मगर उनकी दैवीय छवि के चलते उनके अपराधों को नज़रअंदाज़ किया जाता रहा है. 

18થી નાની ઉંમરના 1,15,129 બાળકો શાળા બહાર? વાસ્તવિક આંકડો 15-20 ગણો વધું

- સુખદેવ પટેલ*  16 એપ્રિલથી સમગ્ર ગુજરાતમાં શાળા બહારના 6 થી 19 વર્ષની ઉંમરના બાળકોનો સર્વે શરૂ થયો છે.  જે 26 એપ્રિલ સુધી ચાલશે. જેની જવાબદારી સરકારી શાળાના શિક્ષકોને સોંપવામાં આવી છે. અત્યારે પ્રાથમિક શાળાઓમાં વાર્ષિક પરીક્ષાઓ ચાલી રહી છે. લોકસભાની ચૂંટણીઓના કામ પણ શિક્ષકોને ભાગે કરવાના આવશે. શિક્ષકો કેટલું કરી શક્શે? શિક્ષકો પાસેથી વ્યાજબી રીતે કેટલી અપેક્ષાઓ રાખવી જોઈએ? RTE ની જોગવાઈઓ મુજબ દરેક બાળક શિક્ષણ મેળવી શકે, તે માટે શાળા બહારના બાળકોને સર્વે કરીને શોધી કાઢવાનું ઉમદા કામ સરકાર વિચારે છે, તે આવકારદાયક છે. આવાં ઉત્તમ કામમાં જેમને સીધો લાભ થવાનો છે,  તેવાં હિતધારકોની પ્રતિનિધિ સમિતિ SMC સ્કૂલ મેનેજમેન્ટ કમિટી આ જવાબદારી સારી રીતે ઉપાડી શકે તેમ છે. શિક્ષણ વિભાગ SSA તરફથી આ કામગીરીમાં SMC ની ભાગીદારીનું આયોજન કરીને યોગ્ય માર્ગદર્શિકા તૈયાર કરવી જોઈએ.

प्रगतिशील लेखक संघ के स्थापना दिवस पर फिलिस्तीनी जनता के साथ एकजुटता

- हरनाम सिंह, सारिका श्रीवास्तव  "मत रो बच्चे  तू मुस्काएगा तो शायद  सारे इक दिन भेस बदल कर  तुझसे खेलने लौट आएंगे" - फ़ैज़ अहमद फ़ैज़ प्रगतिशील लेखक संघ (प्रलेसं) की इंदौर इकाई ने अपना स्थापना दिवस (9 अप्रैल) फिलिस्तीनी जनता के संघर्ष के नाम समर्पित किया। अभिनव कला समाज सभागार में आयोजित इस कार्यक्रम में कलाकारों ने फिलिस्तीन कवियों के गीत गाए, उनके संघर्षों पर केंद्रित कविताओं का वाचन किया, फिलिस्तीनी चित्रकारों के चित्रों का पावर पॉइंट प्रजेंटेशन और उसकी व्याख्या की। वक्ताओं ने इजराइल द्वारा फिलिस्तीनी जनता पर ढ़ाए जा रहे जुल्मों की तुलना हिटलर के अत्याचारों से की।

ई.वी.एम. के खिलाफ सत्याग्रह क्यों? मतपत्र वापस लाना आज क्यों ज़रूरी हो गया है?

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