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Confronting old state, New Peoples Army in Philippines unable to stage strategic offensive

By Harsh Thakor 
In recent weeks a series of different actions have been undertaken by the New People’s Army (NPA), the armed wing of the Communist Party of Philippines to consolidate the People’s War, in Phillipines. They have heroically retaliated the neo-fascist armed offensive terrorising even civilians, creating tremors in the camp of the enemy and boosted people’s striking capacity.
The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) congratulated the units of the New People’s Army (NPA) which staged tactical offensives on the islands of Negros and Masbate over the past few days retaliating the mortal attacks on the peasant masses perpetrated by the military and police forces of the Marcos fascist regime.
In the most of escalated attacks and abuses carried out by the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and Philippine National Police (PNP) against the broad masses, especially in the countryside, it is imperative for the NPA to undertake armed struggle to defend the rights of the people.
The 24th Infantry Battalion of the AFP is embarking on military actions that destroy the backbone of productivity of the people, and continuously frames people it suspects to be supporters of the NPA. Also the so-called Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) of the State is causing only suffering to the people in Abra region.


One AFP (Armed Forces of the Philippines) was assassinated on the 27th of June, by the Agustin Begnalen Command of the New People’s Army – Abra. in Sitio Mangmangga, Barangay Naguillan, Sallapadan, in the northern province of Abra.He was executed for the crimes of the AFP for the crimes commited over the people.
On the 6th and 10th of July the NPA launched a massive demolition operation in Sorsogon. , targeting the soldiers of the 22nd Infantry Battalion of the old Filipino State. In first offensive of the operation on the 6th, the NPA attacked soldiers who had been camping in an evacuation center for three weeks, who fled and stormed into houses of civilians to use them as human shields. In the second offensive of the operation the NPA blew up the fence of a 22nd Infantry Battalion camp.
On the 7th of July, 7:00 in the morning, the NPA attacked a team from the 94th Infantry Battalion in Negros Occidental who were on their way to the house where they would be resting when they were attacked.
On July 30th, the NPA killed one soldier and wounded another from the 62nd Infantry Battalion in Barangay Trinidad, Guihulngan, in Negros Oriental, when the Guerrillas intervened, to intersperse combat operations. On July 25th, in a harass operation, a soldier from the same battalion unit was wounded in Negros Occidental, and another police officer was injured on August 2nd in Guihulngan. NPA reports that 30 soldiers have graduated from their military training in Samar area to be able to give a blow to the People’s War.
On August 5th, the 62nd Infantry Battalion of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) bombarded different towns in Guihulngan starting at 5:00 a.m for more than an hour and a half. in the area that the peasants use to plant vegetables. This is part and parcel of the strategy overall, of the Philippine National Police which makes it a habit to sabotage the harmony and economic activity of the peasants.. There is still sustained military presence in the area, interrogating residents and flying drones.
The revolutionary armed struggle confronting and threatening old State to establish a new democracy is far from being marginalised. It should be mentioned that on July 24th, 12,000 people protested in various cities in the Philippines against their wretched conditions, 10,000 of them in Quenzon City. These protests were staged under the banner “More wages, livelihoods and food on the table! Stop the violence! Well-being of the masses, not of the nobility” to protest the exorbitant rise in prices that the country is undergoing.. The protests were joined by democratic groups from South Tagalong, Central Luzon, Cordillera and other neigh boring regions. There were also marches in more cities that mobilised up to 600 people and democratic groups, such as Metro Manila and Isla de Negros. These protests spread like wildfire internationally and were carried out by groups of migrant Filipinos in the United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, New Zealand or Australia. The protests were aimed against the Marcos government, which is paying a deaf ear to grievances such as hunger and anti-popular measures that endanger the livelihood of the smallest fishermen.
During the first days of August, a substantial rise in prices of goods in the Asian country. took place. The newspaper Ang Bayan, a democratic newspaper in the Philippines, analyzes that this is caused by the repressive policies of the Marcos regime: “This destroys the productive forces and deepens the agrarian, non-industrialized and economically backward forces. The ability to produce food and other goods is diminishing, and is increasingly dependent on imports, external loans and foreign investment. They add that this only serves the interests of large foreign banks and monopoly capitalists while undermining the economic rights of the people. They also add that the situation is worse where the Marcos regime allows big landowners, the comprador bourgeoisie and foreign capitalists to seize hundreds of thousands of hectares of land for plantations and mines, “green” energy projects and ecotourism, among others. “Hundreds of thousands of farmers are forced off the land and deprived of other means of production and livelihoods resulting in widespread bankruptcy and poverty.” With the objective of winning these economic rights it is necessary to embark on path of the national democratic struggle: “Only by achieving true freedom from foreign control can a nation be established, sensitive to the needs of the people, standing on its own feet and advancing towards a modern and progressive socialist opening.”
Furthermore, 2,000 residents from different provinces of Samar staged a march on August 7 demanding an end to destructive mining industries planted the islands of Homonhon and Manicani. The action started with a caravan from different towns to Borongan City where they marched together. Ang Bayan reports that the purpose of the march was to “explain the negative effects of mining operations” on the island and “to call for an end to these activities.” Meanwhile, the University of the Philippines (UP)-Tacloban Student Council extended its solidarity in action against mining operations. Four mining companies are currently operating to extract nickel and chrome on the island of Homonhon: Techiron Resources Inc, Emir Mineral Resources Corp, King Resources Mining Corp, and Global Min-met Resources Inc.
On 14th of August the CPP saluted the actions and initiative of the NPA, undertaking t a series of tactical offensives in Negros and Masbate, and persuaded it to initiate more offensives in defence of the rights of the people and to consolidate these attacks against the old Philippine State. Two days later, news of new successful NPA actions spread like wildfire in these two territories: the first one was in Masbate, where NPA troops ambushed a pick up carrying several armed agents of the Philippine State, destroying it and injuring its occupants.. Paramilitaries in the area were responsible for patronising the Filipino State and large mining companies which evacuate peasants off their land,.
The other action was carried out in Negros Oriental, where an armed civilian known as “Pen-Pen Fajardo” was disarmed, snatching four pistols from him that were confiscated by the NPA. This man used the weapons to inflict terror on the masses.
The NPA has also announced that a Revolutionary People’s Court in Negros Occidental has sentenced Jomarie Benitez to death and executed him for committing multiple crimes against the people, including switching to the AFP where many civilians, wounded guerrillas and opponents of the old Filipino State were stationed, to facilitate their elimination.


The New People’s Army is exhibiting death defying courage and hitting the enemy at it’s strongest point, manifesting trend of massline. However it is unable to take the peoples war onto stage of strategic offensive, and is locked in the zone of a strategic defensive stage. It is unable to penetrate, coordinate or link the people’s war with the urban areas. Possibly, it is not able to devise a people’s war path unique to the situation in Philippines, or devise a proper strategy to overpower the neo-fascist Marcos regime. In recent times the movement has received mortal blows, even to democratic activists. The United front against the old state seems to have weakened. It is not able to sufficiently build up revolutionary mass political base or movement to back the armed struggle.
Harsh Thakor is a freelance journalist who has studied national liberation struggles. Thanks information from Red Herald and Red Spark



हिंदी आलोचना जैसे पिछड़ चुके अनुशासन की जगह हिंदी वैचारिकी का विकास जरूरी

- प्रमोद रंजन*   भारतीय राजनीति में सांप्रदायिक व प्रतिक्रियावादी ताकतों को सत्ता तक पहुंचाने में हिंदी पट्टी का सबसे बड़ा योगदान है। इसका मुख्य कारण हिंदी-पट्टी में कार्यरत समाजवादी व जनपक्षधर हिरावल दस्ते का विचारहीन, अनैतिक और  प्रतिक्रियावादी होते जाना है। अगर हम उपरोक्त बातों को स्वीकार करते हैं, तो कुछ रोचक निष्कर्ष निकलते हैं। हिंदी-जनता और उसके हिरावल दस्ते को विचारहीन और प्रतिक्रियावादी बनने से रोकने की मुख्य ज़िम्मेदारी किसकी थी?

साहित्य बोध में परिवर्तन: सत्तर के दशक में विचारधारा का महत्व बहुत अधिक था

- अजय तिवारी   सत्तर के बाद वाले दशक में जब हम लोग साहित्य में प्रवेश कर रहे थे तब दाढ़ी रखने, बेतरतीबी से कपड़े पहनने और फक्कड़पन का जीवन जीने वाले लोग बेहतर लेखक हुआ करते थे या बेहतर समझे जाते थे। नयी सदी में चिकने-चुपड़े, बने-ठने और खर्चीला जीवन बिताने वाले सम्मान के हक़दार हो चले हैं। यह फ़र्क़ जनवादी उभार और भूमण्डलीय उदारीकरण के बीच का सांस्कृतिक अंतर उजागर करता है। 

How Mahakavi Sri Sri defined political and cultural metamorphosis of Telugu society

By Harsh Thakor  Srirangam Srinivasarao, popularly known as Sri Sri, or called Mahakavi (The Great Poet), held a reputation like no other Telugu poet. Today, on June 15th, we commemorate his 40th death anniversary. Sri Sri transcended heights in revolutionary creativity or exploration, unparalleled, in Telegu poetry, giving it a new dimension. His poems projected the theme or plight of the oppressed people at a scale, rarely penetrated by poets, giving revolutionary poetry it’s soul.

Laxmanpur Bathe massacre: Perfect example of proto-fascist Brahmanical social order

By Harsh Thakor  The massacre at Laxmanpur-Bathe of Jehanabad in Bihar on the night of 1 December in 1997 was a landmark event with distinguishing features .The genocide rightly shook the conscience of the nation in the 50th year of Indian independence. The scale of the carnage was unparalleled in any caste massacre. It was a perfect manifestation of how in essence the so called neo-liberal state was in essence most autocratic. 

एनडीए सरकार में हिन्दू राष्ट्रवाद की दिशा: मुसलमानों का हाशियाकरण जारी रहेगा

- राम पुनियानी*  लोकसभा आमचुनाव में भाजपा के 272 सीटें हासिल करने में विफल रहने के बाद एनडीए एक बार फिर नेपथ्य से मंच के केंद्र में आ गया है. सन 1998 में अटलबिहारी वाजपेई एनडीए सरकार के प्रधानमंत्री बने थे. उस सरकार के कार्यकलापों पर भी भाजपा की राजनीति का ठप्पा था. उस सरकार ने हिंदुत्व के एजेंडे के अनुरूप संविधान की समीक्षा के लिए वेंकटचलैया आयोग नियुक्त किया, पाठ्यपुस्तकों का भगवाकरण किया और ज्योतिषशास्त्र व पौरोहित्य को विषय के रूप में पाठ्यक्रम में जोड़ा. सन 2014 और 2019 में बनी मोदी सरकारें तकनीकी दृष्टि से भले ही एनडीए की सरकारें रही हों मगर चूँकि भाजपा को अपने दम पर बहुमत हासिल था इसलिए अन्य घटक दल साइलेंट मोड में बने रहे और भाजपा ने बिना रोकटोक अपना आक्रामक हिन्दू राष्ट्रवादी एजेंडा लागू किया. इसमें शामिल था राममंदिर का निर्माण और अनुच्छेद 370 का कश्मीर से हटाया जाना. इसके अलावा सरकार की मौन सहमति से गाय और बीफ के नाम पर मुसलमानों की लिंचिंग की गयी और लव जिहाद और न जाने कितने अन्य किस्मों के जिहादों की बातें की गईं.

सदन की सबसे उंची गद्दी पर बैठे यह शख्स मर्यादाओं को अनदेखा कर मुंह फेरता रहा

- मनीष सिंह*   ओम बिड़ला को जब याद किया जाएगा, तो लोगों के जेहन मे भावहीन सूरत उभरेगी। सदन के सबसे उंची गद्दी पर बैठा शख्स, जो संसदीय मर्यादाओं को तार तार होते सदन मे अनजान बनकर  मुंह फेरता रहा।  मावलंकर, आयंगर, सोमनाथ चटर्जी और रवि राय ने जिस कुर्सी की शोभा बढाई, उसे उंचा मयार दिया.. वहीं ओम बिड़ला इस सदन की गरिमा की रक्षा मे अक्षम स्पीकर के रूप मे याद किये जाऐंगे। 

नरेन्द्र मोदी देवत्व की ओर? 1923 में हिटलर ने अपनी तुलना भी ईसा मसीह से की थी

- राम पुनियानी*  समाज के संचालन की प्रजातान्त्रिक प्रणाली को मानव जाति ने एक लम्बे और कठिन संघर्ष के बाद हासिल किया. प्रजातंत्र के आगाज़ के पूर्व के समाजों में राजशाही थी. राजशाही में राजा-सामंतों और पुरोहित वर्ग का गठबंधन हुआ करता था. पुरोहित वर्ग, धर्म की ताकत का प्रतिनिधित्व करता था. राजा को ईश्वर का प्रतिरूप बताया जाता था और उसकी कथनी-करनी को पुरोहित वर्ग हमेशा उचित, न्यायपूर्ण और सही ठहराता था. पुरोहित वर्ग ने बड़ी चतुराई से स्वर्ग (हैवन, जन्नत) और नर्क (हैल, जहन्नुम) के मिथक रचे. राजा-पुरोहित कॉम्बो के आदेशों को सिर-आँखों पर रखने वाला पुण्य (सबाब) करता है और इससे उसे पॉजिटिव पॉइंट मिलते हैं. दूसरी ओर, जो इनके आदेशों का उल्लंघन करता है वह पाप (गुनाह) करता है और उसे नेगेटिव पॉइंट मिलते हैं. व्यक्ति की मृत्यु के बाद नेगेटिव और पॉजिटिव पॉइंटों को जोड़ कर यह तय किया जाता है कि वह नर्क में सड़ेगा या स्वर्ग में आनंद करेगा.