सीधे मुख्य सामग्री पर जाएं

India should pursue its non-aligned foreign policy, not side with any of global power

By Prof. Sudhanshu Tripathi* 

Once again the India’s foreign policy finds itself placed into a dilemma over Hamas attack upon Israel. And that pertains to choosing a side between the US led NATO powers assisted by several western nations and the consolidating Russia-China-Iran-North Korea alliance accompanied by many of the Arab states in West Asia. Evidently, the sudden terror attack by Hamas on Israel and Israeli counter-attack on Hamas have indeed created an unprecedented situation not only in and around Gaza but in the entire West Asian region by polarizing the aforesaid two power blocs.
And that may most probably spread in all over the world to assume a global catastrophic dimension, most probably as a Third World War, with higher possibility of nuclear weapons being used, given the vested interests of the most of the global and major powers like the US led NATO powers and other western powers versus Russia, China, Iran, North Korea, Turkey and most of the Muslim states in the region including dreaded terrorist networks like Hezbollah, Huti revolutionaries, Islamic State etc., apart from Jaish-e-Mohammad and Tehreek-e-Insaf and many other such terror outfits from Pakistan having close connections and similar objectives and goals with the former ones.
As obvious, how should India respond to such an unprecedented human crisis as India had unilaterally supported the Palestinians as against Israel during the long past decades since late 1940s up to late 1990s when New Delhi for the first time formally established the bilateral relations with Israel. Since then the country continues to diversify its relations with Tel Aviv and that includes bilateral cooperation as regards defense, security, terror, potable water from sea, climate and other r elevant areas. Because India continues to enjoy its long-trusted friendship with Russia, on the one hand, it (New Delhi) can’t afford to ignore its newly-forged consolidating bilateral relations with the US, on the other. Hence New Delhi has to invoke its nuanced stand so as to offbeat its hitherto long-practiced foreign policy towards the Middle East or West Asia.
Why may this happen in all probability? That, of course, needs to analyze and understand the prevailing international scenario marred by regional wars and consequent insecurity and instability throughout the world. It is largely during the recent past that the world has witnessed several turmoil in the form of interventions, aggressions in addition to testing of bombs, missiles and other latest generation of lethal weapons including nuclear bombs and such guided missiles etc.. And that still continues with full might even today.
The role of China, North Korea, Iran and few clandestine operations by some of the rouge states like Lebanon and Libya in the Middle East and Pakistan in South Asia may be significant in this respect, though South Korea, Japan, Israel and the US can’t be absolved due to being hectically engaged in the very same endeavour, albeit pursuing under compulsion to the aggressive actions of the aforesaid aggressive and interventionist states. The role of Pakistan is especially relevant here as Islamabad taken keen interest in supporting Muslim in all over the world brotherhood as it had recently dispatched terrorists to help Azerbaijan warriors fighting against Armenia.
In this scenario, the Hamas action against Israel has obviously opened the Pandora’s box in the emotionally surcharged Middle East region, hitherto long burning as a boiling cauldron involving almost all regional partner-states, fighting brutal fratricidal wars among themselves. Although Arab-Israel conflict is perhaps the worst persisting conflict in the world today for sake of reclaiming homeland for Palestinians whereupon the Israeli Jews also extend their pious claim of being their own mother land.
The seeds of this conflict obviously lie in the Balfour Declaration of 1917 as the region had been under British mandate as part of the then prevailing Mandate System evolved by the United Nations, almost as the replica of the earlier ‘white man’s burden’ policy during peak of colonialism. Unfortunately the mandate administrators, mostly Anglo-European states, despite ostensibly owing allegiance to the principles of freedom, equity, equality, fraternity and democracy, failed to execute these noble gospels on the ground level in reality and instead sowed mistrust and played divide and rule tactics to divide the native community living therein for furthering their partisan interests to smoothly rule the unknown and different race or nationality with maximum ease and comfort and also to loot the natural resources available there in plenty for boosting their economy and social and political strength.
And that evidently led to immediate arousal of deep resentment and bitter animosity among them (native population) against the foreign mandate rulers which soon witnessed inter-community clashes between rulers and ruled including the pro-ruler sections of the native population leading to brutal violence and killings of the large number of common masses, thereby further instigating the mounting of tensions and consequent enactment of gruesome acts of violence and terrorism in the entire region.
Thus the West Asia saw the onset of terrorism as a tool or weapon to serve the sectarian interests of the deprived sections of both the Muslim or Jews community and that goes on almost uninterrupted since then despite three Arab-Israel Wars remaining undecided and the Camp David Accord of 1978 for establishing peace and security for both of the warring nationalities.
With the passage of time, few more terror groups have emerged for championing the cause of Palestinian home land and among those the Hamas has already occupied the scene as a powerful organization after the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) of late Yasser Arafat with perhaps largest following of the Palestinian community. Interestingly Hamas is said to have been strengthened and evolved by the Israeli government itself as a counter-force of the PLO during its climax under late Arafat.
But being a terror organization, Hamas can’t be considered as a genuine pressure group to pursue the socio-economic and political interests of the Palestinian Muslims in the true sense of the term. Hence the Hamas terror against Israel must be crushed to its end so that never to resurface again in any likelihood.
However innocent residents in Gaza must be protected and for that Israel must follow the Laws of War and must not drop bombs or missiles on civilian population and their peaceful destinations. Instead of evacuating Gaza, the native population residing there be immediately and fully protected by providing safer areas with electricity, water, routine life-sustaining commodities besides schools, colleges and hospitals by the United Nations Security Council through its peace keeping operations and such force to be urgently united and commanded for this end. And for this end, all members of the UN Security Council including permanent ones must immediately unite to collectively pursue the much-needed humanitarian assistance at this crucial juncture for the war-torn residents of Gaza, while not forgetting that they are also the human-beings in distress, who ought to be served with all dignity and compassion. Further, Hamas must be made to surrender and must be compelled to release all the Israeli hostages unconditionally to pave way for the possible cease fire.
As regards India’s role in this crisis, the country must activate its diplomacy, being the founding father of the Non-aligned Movement (NAM) and exercising enough influence in most of the states in the West Asian region apart from enjoying a peaceful, compassionate and accommodating friendly image with all nations in the world. This is so on the basis of New Delhi’s ancient cultural distinguishing features and so-evolved rich traditional heritage projecting the nation as the Vishwa Guru and reflecting ahimsa (non-violence), apramad (non-coceit), vishwa shanti (world peace), vasudhaiv kutumbaka (the whole world as a family) and many more. Hence New Delhi must come forward in association with like-minded peace-loving nations like Australia, Japan, England, South Korea to resolve the long-sustaining complicated Arab-Israel conflict forever, which has already taken a toll of millions of Muslims and Jews so far.
Thus it will be very appropriate here for India to remain non-aligned and pursue its ever-green non-aligned foreign policy amidst the ongoing crisis, instead of aligning with any of the global power - either the US or Russia - just to complicate the contentious issue to degenerate into a global catastrophe. Of course, it is a tightrope walk for New Delhi to maintain its nuanced stand while balancing between both America and Russia which are hectically engaged today into a bitter confrontation. It may happen as nothing is beyond human endeavour.
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*Dept. of Political Science, MDPG College, Pratapagarh (UP)

टिप्पणियाँ

ट्रेंडिंग

हिंदी आलोचना जैसे पिछड़ चुके अनुशासन की जगह हिंदी वैचारिकी का विकास जरूरी

- प्रमोद रंजन*   भारतीय राजनीति में सांप्रदायिक व प्रतिक्रियावादी ताकतों को सत्ता तक पहुंचाने में हिंदी पट्टी का सबसे बड़ा योगदान है। इसका मुख्य कारण हिंदी-पट्टी में कार्यरत समाजवादी व जनपक्षधर हिरावल दस्ते का विचारहीन, अनैतिक और  प्रतिक्रियावादी होते जाना है। अगर हम उपरोक्त बातों को स्वीकार करते हैं, तो कुछ रोचक निष्कर्ष निकलते हैं। हिंदी-जनता और उसके हिरावल दस्ते को विचारहीन और प्रतिक्रियावादी बनने से रोकने की मुख्य ज़िम्मेदारी किसकी थी?

ગુજરાતના સ્થાપના દિવસે યાદ કરીએ ભારતના વિશ્વપ્રસિદ્ધ ગુજરાતી પુરાતત્વવિદ્ ને

- ગૌરાંગ જાની*  આજે કોઈ ગુજરાતી એ કલ્પના પણ ન કરી શકે કે વર્ષ ૧૮૩૯ માં જૂનાગઢમાં જન્મેલા એક ગુજરાતી વિશ્વ પ્રસિદ્ધ બની શકે! પણ આપણે એ ગુજરાતીને કદાચ વિસરી ગયા છીએ જેમણે ગિરનારના અશોક શિલાલેખને દોઢસો વર્ષ પૂર્વે ઉકેલી આપ્યો.આ વિદ્વાન એટલે ભગવાનલાલ ઈન્દ્રજી. ૭ નવેમ્બર, ૧૮૩૯ ના દિવસે જૂનાગઢના પ્રશ્નોરા નાગર બ્રાહ્મણ પરિવારમાં તેમનો જન્મ થયો હતો. જૂનાગઢના એ સમયે અંગ્રેજી શિક્ષણની સગવડ ન હોવાને કારણે તેમને અંગ્રેજી ભાષાનું જ્ઞાન ન હતું પણ પાછળથી તેમણે ખપ પૂરતું અંગ્રેજી જાણી લીધું હતું.

Under Modi, democracy is regressing and economy is also growing slowly

By Avyaan Sharma*   India is "the largest democracy in the world", but now its democracy is regressing and its economy is also growing slowly. What has PM Modi's ten years in power brought us? Unemployment remains high. Joblessness is particularly high among India's youth - with those aged 15 to 29 making up a staggering 83% of all unemployed people in India, according to the "India Employment Report 2024", published last month by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Institute of Human Development (IHD). The BJP-led government did not provide jobs to two crore youth in a year as was promised by Modi in the run up to the 2014 general elections.

नफरती बातें: मुसलमानों में असुरक्षा का भाव बढ़ रहा है, वे अपने मोहल्लों में सिमट रहे हैं

- राम पुनियानी*  भारत पर पिछले 10 सालों से हिन्दू राष्ट्रवादी भारतीय जनता पार्टी (भाजपा) राज कर रही है. भाजपा आरएसएस परिवार की सदस्य है और आरएसएस का लक्ष्य है हिन्दू राष्ट्र का निर्माण. आरएसएस से जुड़ी सैंकड़ों संस्थाएँ हैं. उसके लाखों, बल्कि शायद, करोड़ों स्वयंसेवक हैं. इसके अलावा कई हजार वरिष्ठ कार्यकर्ता हैं जिन्हें प्रचारक कहा जाता है. भाजपा के सत्ता में आने के बाद से आरएसएस दुगनी गति से हिन्दू राष्ट्र के निर्माण के अपने एजेण्डे को पूरा करने में जुट गया है. यदि भाजपा को चुनावों में लगातार सफलता हासिल हो रही है तो उसका कारण है देश में साम्प्रदायिकता और साम्प्रदायिक मुद्दों का बढ़ता बोलबाला. इनमें से कुछ हैं राम मंदिर, गौमांस और गोवध एवं लव जिहाद. 

Laxmanpur Bathe massacre: Perfect example of proto-fascist Brahmanical social order

By Harsh Thakor  The massacre at Laxmanpur-Bathe of Jehanabad in Bihar on the night of 1 December in 1997 was a landmark event with distinguishing features .The genocide rightly shook the conscience of the nation in the 50th year of Indian independence. The scale of the carnage was unparalleled in any caste massacre. It was a perfect manifestation of how in essence the so called neo-liberal state was in essence most autocratic. 

रैंकिंग: अधिकांश भारतीय विश्वविद्यालयों का स्तर बहुत गिरा, इस साल भी यह गिरवाट जारी

- प्रमोद रंजन*  अप्रैल, 2024 में भारतीय विश्वविद्यालयों की अंतर्राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर उच्च रैंकिंग की चर्चा रही। मीडिया ने इसका उत्सव मनाया। लेकिन स्थिति इसके विपरीत है। वैश्विक विश्वविद्यालय रैंकिग में अच्छा स्थान मिलने की खबरें, कुछ संस्थानों को इक्का-दुक्का विषयों में मिले रैंक के आधार पर चुनिंदा ढंग से प्रकाशित की गईं थीं। वास्तविकता यह है कि हाल के वर्षों में हमारे अधिकांश विश्वविद्यालयों का स्तर बहुत गिर गया है। इस साल भी यह गिरवाट जारी रही है।

प्राचीन भारत के लोकायत संप्रदाय ने कुछ परजीवियों की खूब खबर ली: प्रमुख प्रस्थापनायें

- राणा सिंह   भारत में परजीवियों का एक विशाल समूह है जो बोलता है कि “सब कुछ माया है”,  लेकिन व्यवहार में यह समूह सारी जिंदगी इसी “माया” के पीछे पागल रहता है।  प्राचीन भारत के लोकायत संप्रदाय ने इन परजीवियों की खूब खबर ली थी।

नोएडा में मैन्युअल स्कैवेंजर्स की मौत: परिवारों को मुआवजा नहीं, प्राधिकरण ने एफआईआर नहीं की

- अरुण खोटे, संजीव कुमार*  गत एक सप्ताह में, उत्तर प्रदेश में सीवर/सेप्टि क टैंक सफाई कर्मियों की सफाई के दौरान सेप्टिक टैंक में मौत। 2 मई, 2024 को, लखनऊ के वज़ीरगजं क्षेत्र में एक सेवर लाइन की सफाई करते समय शोब्रान यादव, 56, और उनके पत्रु सशुील यादव, 28, घटुन से हुई मौत। एक और घटना 3 मई 2024 को नोएडा, सेक्टर 26 में एक घर में सेप्टि क टैंक को सफाई करते समय दो सफाई कर्मचर्मारी नूनी मडंल, 36 और कोकन मडंल जिसे तपन मडंल के नाम से जानते हैं, की मौत हो गई। ये सफाई कर्मचर्मारी बंगाल के मालदा जिले के निवासी थे और नोएडा सेक्टर 9 में रहते थे। कोकन मडंल अपनी पत्नी अनीता मडंल के साथ रहते थे। इनके तीन स्कूल जाने वाले बच्चे हैं जो बंगाल में रहते हैं। नूनी मडंल अपनी पत्नी लिलिका मडंल और अपने पत्रु सजुान के साथ किराए पर झग्गी में रहते थे। वे दैनिक मजदरूी और सफाई कर्मचर्मारी के रूप में काम करते थे।

दाँव उल्टा पड़ा: राहुल गांधी के रूप में हम एक साधारण इंसान को नायक होते देख रहे हैं

-  अमिता नीरव  संघ औऱ बीजेपी ने राहुल गाँधी पर जो सोचकर ‘इन्वेस्ट’ किया था, उसके परिणाम गंभीर रूप से नुकसानदेह आ रहे हैं। ये थोड़ी अटपटी बात लग सकती है, लेकिन सोचिएगा कि संघ और बीजेपी ने राहुल गाँधी को जितना गंभीरता से लिया, उनकी संभावनाओं को लेकर वे जितना श्योर थे, उतना तो खुद राहुल और कांग्रेस भी नहीं थी।

બે પુખ્ત યુવક-યુવતીન જીવનસાથી બનવા નક્કી કરે તો સત્તાધારીઓના પેટમાં કેમ ગોળો ચઢે છે?

- બિપિન શ્રોફ   “લવ જેહાદ”! કેવો લાગ્યો આ  શબ્દ?  શું મારુ કે તમારું નાકનું ટેરવું તો ચઢી ગયું  નથી ને? લખનાર અને વાંચનાર બે માંથી કોઈના મા-બાપની કોઈ ગરાશ તો લૂંટાઈ ગઈ નથી ને ? એ તો જેને વીતે તેને ખબર પડે? પરોપ દેશે પાંડિત્યમ! કેમ? ખરી વાત ને?