सीधे मुख्य सामग्री पर जाएं

Fighting climate change is fighting scarcity and extinction in Chittagong Hill Tracts

A Kapaeeng Foundation note on consultation in partnership with Indigenous Peoples organizations and communities from Asia led by the International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) with the support from CIVICUS, as part of preparation for the COP 28 this November in UAE:
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Climate Change is a serious issue that affects the entire species of flora and fauna in the natural world. It further impacts the livelihoods of human beings but affects the Indigenous Peoples the most who depend on nature and forests for their livelihoods. Realizing the urgent need to act against the issue, Kapaeeng Foundation organized a “Community Consultation on Indigenous Peoples Rights and Climate Change” on 26 June 2023 at Rangamati in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT).
The consultation was organized with the support from IPMSDL and CIVICUS. Mr. Pavel Partha, Researcher, Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation was present as resource person in the consultation while Mr. Thowai Aung Marma, President of VCF Network, Mr. Shanti Bijoy Chakma, General Secretary of CHT Headmen Network, other community leaders, environment rights activists and youth leaders were present. The meeting was moderated by Ms. Ananya Chakma and chaired by Mr. Pallab Chakma, Executive Director of Kapaeeng Foundation.
The consultation began with a brief welcome speech from Mr. Hiran Mitra Chakma, Manager of Kapaeeng Foundation. He said, “the Indigenous Peoples of Bangladesh like the Indigenous Peoples all over the world are victims to numerous human rights violations. In addition, the issue of Climate Change affects the Indigenous Peoples the most, as their livelihoods is dependent on agriculture and natural resources. Changes in seasons such as delays in rain hamper the growth and flourishing of agriculture”.
He further spoke on Climate Justice, how responsible people like large companies/ industries must compensate or take measures to reduce carbon footprint. Mr. Hiran said, this consultation will bring burning issues of Indigenous Peoples related to climate change. Kapaeeng Foundation will take necessary steps to compile the outcome of the consultation and try to raise these issues in different national and international forum, including COP 28 which will take place in UAE from November 30 to December 12 in 2023.
The Indigenous Peoples who are most vulnerable to climate change must broaden the knowledge on Climate Change. Also, networking need to be strengthened among organizations that are working in the field of climate change, and regularly participate at national and international platforms like UNFCCC – COP (The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change – Conference of the Parties). Finally, Mr. Hiran thanked the IPMSDL and CIVICUS for supporting the event.
Following the welcoming speech, Mr. Pavel Partha, Researcher, Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation, shared his knowledge on Climate Change describing how it is measured through the records of weather and temperatures of the earth over a period of 200 years. Instead of going through such complicated procedures, climate change can also be noticed by an individual if one compares the various flora and fauna that were available about 10-20 years ago and are rarely found at present.
Decrease in availability of certain natural resources like medicinal plants have also resulted in decrease in the practice of traditional medicine. At the same time, it is seen that decrease of these plants usage results in decrease in traditional practices, decrease in indigenous knowledge and decrease of importance of the plants.
He also shared about Environmental Philosophy that is the discipline in philosophy that studies the moral relationship between human beings and nature, understands natural changes that can predict natural disasters which no machine can predict it.
He shared on Gendered Crunch Model (GCM) is used to measure as to who are vulnerable, and they are based on (1) Unsafe Condition, (2) Dynamic Pressure, and (3) Root Cause.
Finally, Mr. Partha shared his experience on participation in the COP processes and how the outcome of the consultation could be raised in the COP mechanism. He then conducted the consultation by involving the participants in the discussion.
Some of the scarcities related to climate change that the local participants shared through the open discussion were as follows:
  1. Decrease in forestry,
  2. Decrease in water bodies,
  3. Decrease in animal species,
  4. Increase in food scarcity,
  5. Decrease of water availability on hills, and
  6. Decrease of natural plant species due to deforestation and plantation of foreign species like Akasia, Rubber, etc.
Some of the extinct or vulnerable plants in indigenous languages were:
  1. Tupung – Khumi language,
  2. Cibit – Chakma & Tanchangya language,
  3. Nuyeng – Marma language,
  4. Bufang – Tripura language, and
  5. Mangku – Mro language.
Some of the extinct birds discussed were:
  1. Rong Rang,
  2. Bargee,
  3. Etdaga,
  4. Tidoi,
  5. Buduhaing, and
  6. Ketkeitte.
Some of the extinct water springs:
  1. Raikhyang jhiri (Ruma upazila in Bandarban), destroyed due to deforestation;
  2. Kuimiya Hung jhiri (Chimbuk Sadar, Bandarban), dried due to stone extraction; and
  3. Bijjyochhara jhiri (Dighinala, Khagrachhari), dried up due to plantation of teak tree and deforestation.
Some of the fish that are extinct:
  1. Narei,
  2. Seloj,
  3. Pinon fada (has prints resembling ‘pinon’),
  4. Nabalang,
  5. Baghei, and
  6. Lugudung.

Community Recommendations

  1. Stop eviction of Indigenous Peoples in the name of development;
  2. Natural forests must be protected;
  3. Afforestation and reforestation initiative should be taken in the indigenous territories involving indigenous and local communities.
  4. Natural springs, streams and water bodies must be protected;
  5. The mainstream community must also join hands with the Indigenous Peoples in preserving nature and biodiversity;
  6. Stop eviction of local Indigenous Peoples in the name of elephant sanctuary;
  7. Preservation of medicinal plants;
  8. Indigenous knowledge on protection and preservation of forest and biodiversity need to be promoted by the government.
  9. Indigenous Peoples knowledge on conservation and forest management need to be recognized by the state;
  10. Activation of customary land laws in the Chittagong Hill Tracts;
  11. Preservation of Mouza forest, village forests and Village Common Forests;
  12. Empower traditional institutions to plan in combating climate change;
  13. Climate Change affected children and women must be given priority in considerations;
  14. Amend Transit Rule of 1927;
  15. State recognition of councils and land related institutions;
  16. Indigenous issues and crises related to climate change should be reflected in the National Budget;
  17. Analyse the impact of climate change on health and education of Indigenous Peoples;
  18. Adaptation measures need to be taken based on specific region and community;
  19. Risk allowance and security of crops need to be ensured for jum dependent Indigenous Peoples;
  20. Climate fund of the national budget needs to be spent according to the demands of local institutions based on Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC);
  21. Stop brick kilns in the indigenous territories, specially close to forest area;
  22. Saw-mill situated close to natural forests needs to be closed down;
  23. All region-wise development supposed to be undertaken for the locals and by the locals.
The meeting ended with the closing remark of Mr. Pallab Chakma, Executive Director of Kapaeeng Foundation. He said, Climate Change is an urgent issue that needs to be addressed and acted upon. Expressing gratitude to the participants, he also said as a follow-up of this consultation, a National Dialogue will be organized with policy makers on the issue so that policy makers can realize the issues well and take necessary steps to protect and preserve the natural environment. He also hope that the outcomes of the community consultation can be presented at the upcoming COP28 this year.

टिप्पणियाँ

ट्रेंडिंग

दाँव उल्टा पड़ा: राहुल गांधी के रूप में हम एक साधारण इंसान को नायक होते देख रहे हैं

-  अमिता नीरव  संघ औऱ बीजेपी ने राहुल गाँधी पर जो सोचकर ‘इन्वेस्ट’ किया था, उसके परिणाम गंभीर रूप से नुकसानदेह आ रहे हैं। ये थोड़ी अटपटी बात लग सकती है, लेकिन सोचिएगा कि संघ और बीजेपी ने राहुल गाँधी को जितना गंभीरता से लिया, उनकी संभावनाओं को लेकर वे जितना श्योर थे, उतना तो खुद राहुल और कांग्रेस भी नहीं थी।

બે-રોકટોક રણ અભયારણ્ય વિસ્તારમાં માફિયાઓનું અન-અધિકૃત અને ગેર-કાયદેસર પ્રવૃત્તિઓ

- અગરિયા હિત રક્ષક મંચ  કચ્છના નાના રણમાં શિકારપૂર, કાનમેર રણ વિસ્તારમાં જમીન માફિયા જુથ વચ્ચેની આંધાધૂંધ ગોળીબાર થયો તેમાં એક વ્યક્તિ નો જીવ ગયો. આ ઘટનાથી ફરી એકવાર કચ્છના નાના રણની જમીન પર ગેરકાયદેસર કબજો કરી તેનો સોદો કરનારા જૂથો, ટોળીઓની વાત ચર્ચામાં આવી છે. 

हिंदी आलोचना जैसे पिछड़ चुके अनुशासन की जगह हिंदी वैचारिकी का विकास जरूरी

- प्रमोद रंजन*   भारतीय राजनीति में सांप्रदायिक व प्रतिक्रियावादी ताकतों को सत्ता तक पहुंचाने में हिंदी पट्टी का सबसे बड़ा योगदान है। इसका मुख्य कारण हिंदी-पट्टी में कार्यरत समाजवादी व जनपक्षधर हिरावल दस्ते का विचारहीन, अनैतिक और  प्रतिक्रियावादी होते जाना है। अगर हम उपरोक्त बातों को स्वीकार करते हैं, तो कुछ रोचक निष्कर्ष निकलते हैं। हिंदी-जनता और उसके हिरावल दस्ते को विचारहीन और प्रतिक्रियावादी बनने से रोकने की मुख्य ज़िम्मेदारी किसकी थी?

ગુજરાતના સ્થાપના દિવસે યાદ કરીએ ભારતના વિશ્વપ્રસિદ્ધ ગુજરાતી પુરાતત્વવિદ્ ને

- ગૌરાંગ જાની*  આજે કોઈ ગુજરાતી એ કલ્પના પણ ન કરી શકે કે વર્ષ ૧૮૩૯ માં જૂનાગઢમાં જન્મેલા એક ગુજરાતી વિશ્વ પ્રસિદ્ધ બની શકે! પણ આપણે એ ગુજરાતીને કદાચ વિસરી ગયા છીએ જેમણે ગિરનારના અશોક શિલાલેખને દોઢસો વર્ષ પૂર્વે ઉકેલી આપ્યો.આ વિદ્વાન એટલે ભગવાનલાલ ઈન્દ્રજી. ૭ નવેમ્બર, ૧૮૩૯ ના દિવસે જૂનાગઢના પ્રશ્નોરા નાગર બ્રાહ્મણ પરિવારમાં તેમનો જન્મ થયો હતો. જૂનાગઢના એ સમયે અંગ્રેજી શિક્ષણની સગવડ ન હોવાને કારણે તેમને અંગ્રેજી ભાષાનું જ્ઞાન ન હતું પણ પાછળથી તેમણે ખપ પૂરતું અંગ્રેજી જાણી લીધું હતું.

राम के महल में आग लगाता हनुमान: चर्चित सोशल मीडिया इनफ्लुएंसर दिलीप मंडल

- प्रमोद रंजन  चर्चित सोशल मीडिया इनफ्लुएंसर दिलीप मंडल ने अचानक राजनीतिक पलटी मारी है और राजद-सपा-स्टालिन आदि के खेमे को छोड़ कर राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ के लिए बैटिंग करने लगे हैं। कई लोगों में उनके कथित पतन से दु:ख खीज और गुस्सा है।

नफरती बातें: मुसलमानों में असुरक्षा का भाव बढ़ रहा है, वे अपने मोहल्लों में सिमट रहे हैं

- राम पुनियानी*  भारत पर पिछले 10 सालों से हिन्दू राष्ट्रवादी भारतीय जनता पार्टी (भाजपा) राज कर रही है. भाजपा आरएसएस परिवार की सदस्य है और आरएसएस का लक्ष्य है हिन्दू राष्ट्र का निर्माण. आरएसएस से जुड़ी सैंकड़ों संस्थाएँ हैं. उसके लाखों, बल्कि शायद, करोड़ों स्वयंसेवक हैं. इसके अलावा कई हजार वरिष्ठ कार्यकर्ता हैं जिन्हें प्रचारक कहा जाता है. भाजपा के सत्ता में आने के बाद से आरएसएस दुगनी गति से हिन्दू राष्ट्र के निर्माण के अपने एजेण्डे को पूरा करने में जुट गया है. यदि भाजपा को चुनावों में लगातार सफलता हासिल हो रही है तो उसका कारण है देश में साम्प्रदायिकता और साम्प्रदायिक मुद्दों का बढ़ता बोलबाला. इनमें से कुछ हैं राम मंदिर, गौमांस और गोवध एवं लव जिहाद. 

આપણા સમાજમાં દીકરીના માતપિતાનો દરજ્જો દીકરાના માતાપિતા કરતાં નિમ્ન કક્ષાનો કેમ?

- તૃપ્તિ શેઠ  થોડાંક દિવસ પહેલાં એક દુકાનમાં ખરીદી કરવાં ગઈ અને એ બહેન જે દુકાન પર બેઠાં હતાં એ ફોન પર વાતો જ કર્યા કરતાં હતાં . હું કંટાળીને આગળ જવા ગઈ તો એ મને કહે , "સોરી !  મારી મમ્મીને હું રોજ આ સમયે ફોન કરું છું કેમ કે એ મંદિરમાં રહે છે અને ત્યાં ઈલેક્ટ્રિસિટી નથી. એ પાંચ રૂપીઆમાં ફોન રોજ ચાર્જ કરાવે અને મારી સાથે વાત કરે." મે પૂછ્યું તારી મમ્મી કેમ એકલી રહે છે, તો એનો જવાબ હતો કે મારા બે ભાઈઓએ મારી મમ્મીને એના ઘરમાંથી કાઢી મૂકી છે એટલે એક ગામના છેવાડે આવેલાં મંદિરમાં રહે છે અને ત્યાં કામ કરે છે . મે કહ્યું ,” તું કેમ તારી મમ્મીની બોલાવી લેતી નથી ? “ તો મને કહે, મારી મા કહે છે કે છોકરીને ઘરે પાણી પણ પીએ તો  પાપ લાગે. 

તત્વચિંતક રાજનીતિજ્ઞ મોદીનાં લોકસભાની ચૂંટણી સંદર્ભે મહાન વ્યાખ્યાનો પ્રકાશિત કરવા જોઈએ

- ઉત્તમ પરમાર  વિશ્વના મહાન તત્વચિંતક રાજનીતિજ્ઞ અને આપણા મહાન વડાપ્રધાન આદરણીય નરેન્દ્રભાઈ મોદી 2024ની લોકસભાની ચૂંટણી સંદર્ભે જે જાહેર વ્યાખ્યાનો આપી રહ્યા છે, એ માત્ર ભારતના વડાપ્રધાનોના નહીં પરંતુ વિશ્વના વડાપ્રધાનોના પ્રવચનો પૈકી સર્વશ્રેષ્ઠ પ્રવચનો છે.

एक बहुत बड़ा झूठ: मुसलमानों की आबादी बढ़ती रही तो हिन्दू अल्पसंख्यक बन जाएंगे

- राम पुनियानी  चुनावी मौसम जैसे-जैसे समाप्ति की ओर बढ़ रहा है, वैसे-वैसे समाज को बांटने वाला प्रचार भी अपने चरम पर पहुँच रहा है. भाजपा के मुख्य प्रचारक स्वयं प्रधानमंत्री मोदी है. इस चुनाव में उनका पूरा नैरेटिव इस झूठ के  आसपास बुना गया है कि अगर इंडिया गठबंधन सत्ता में आया तो वह सारी सुविधाएं और लाभ केवल मुसलमानों को देगा. हर चीज़ पर मुसलमानों का पहला हक होगा और संविधान में इस तरह के बदलाव किये जाएंगे जिससे हिन्दू इस देश के दूसरे दर्जे के नागरिक बन जाएंगे. मोदीजी हमें जॉर्ज ऑरवेल के उपन्यास “नाइनटीन एट्टी-फोर”  की याद दिलाता है, जिसमें सच को सिर के बल खड़ा कर दिया जाता है. हिन्दुओं में यह डर पैदा किया जा रहा है कि देश में मुसलमान सारे विशेषाधिकार हासिल कर लेंगे.

हीट-एक्शन नीति में अनौपचारिक व खुले-में-कार्यरत मजदूरों को शामिल नहीं करना निंदनीय

- नेशनल अलायन्स ऑफ़ पीपुल्स मूवमेंट्स  पूरे भारत में 'चुनावी गर्मी' ज़ोर पकड़ चुकी है, जो हम सभी को साफ़-साफ़ दिखाई भी दे रही है। हालाँकि, एक और गर्मी है जो नागरिकों, विशेष रूप से करोड़ों खुले में काम करने वाले श्रमिकों को प्रभावित करती है, यह न तो 'चुनावी मुद्दा' है और न ही इस पर सामाजिक रूप से पर्याप्त ध्यान दिया जाता है। भारत के ग्रामीण और शहरी दोनों हिस्सों में मेहनतकश लोग, जो चिलचिलाती धूप में भी हमारे गाँवों और शहरों के लिए अनाज पैदा करते हैं, हर तरह का निर्माण कार्य करते हैं, शहरों व गांवों को चलाते हैं, हमें विभिन्न प्रकार की सेवाएँ प्रदान करें, लेकिन इसी वर्ग का अभी तक 'मुख्यधारा' के जलवायु न्याय और नीतिगत विमर्श में पर्याप्त रूप से प्रतिनिधित्व नहीं किया गया है।